The global objective of the project in Laos and Cambodia is to improve the impact of rural electrification on sustainable development and poverty alleviation by establishing effective cross-sectoral investment and planning capacities using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) as the convening factor. Both countries will develop technical capacity and be endowed with hands on tools to direct investments and decide between off grid and on grid options, renewable or fossil fuel based off grid production – and priority areas from the perspective of maximising development impact of scarce resources. This can only be achieved through a hands-on “learning by doing” approach wherein a focus group will be formed at the National level, and at the Provincial levels. Specific training sessions will be organised. Regular meetings of the working groups will ensure sharing of exchanges and ownership building.
In this page:
- Establishment of national level data base with GIS interface with all available rural electrification, rural development and potential energy resource data; Concrete plan for electrification plan at Provincial level comparing grid extension and isolated grid – connected or not to the main source – various scenarios and GIS interface;
- Planning, institutional frameworks and policies – multisector integration of rural electrification – national level; For provincial level, rural electrification and development plans and implementation strategy; Training on tools and institutional / policy level capacity strengthening. Replicable training programmes;
- Operational groups familiar with policy issues articulating rural electrification as an input to rural development dynamics; A GIS bases rural electrification planning tool, GEOSIM, adapted to the local context and usable by an adequately trained in country focus group;
- Expected outcome will be the improved capacities for delivering energy services for poverty alleviation, both in terms of technical skills and tools: an operational planning approach for rural electrification investments and therefore the provision of sustainable energy services for poverty alleviation, at national and provincial levels.
- In the intermediate term, a more development-oriented integrated approach, involving national and local stakeholders from different sectors and demonstrating the social and economic impacts of rural electrification projects on poverty alleviation, will bring additional investment in the sector. Also the project outcomes will provide the necessary concrete inputs needed for formulation of the energy policies by the national governments.
- The new approach of rural electrification developed in this report and implemented through the GEOSIM software was very successful to respond the rural electricity planning issues in Lao PDR and Cambodia. Its full deployment inside national institutions could be very useful for those institutions to start developing a concerted and optimized approach of rural electrification.
- Teams turnover and lack of availability are still, too often responsible for a knowledge loss among trained institutions in a long term and this issue can be resolved only by providing additional trainings and regular support while institutions are preparing some RE plans themselves. A stable and trained planning service equipped with GIS capabilities can prove to be more effective.
- Renewable energy, especially biomass electricity generation from rice husk, might have good prospects in Cambodia as the price of electricity which EDC has to pay to private IPPs and distributors is relatively high and EDC is interested and will develop a feed-in policy. This offers good opportunities for instance for rice mills with biomass gasification systems to run their mills during off-peak hours and provide peak electricity to the grid.
INNOVATION ENERGIE DEVELOPPEMENT
Duration:01/01/2007 to 31/12/2009