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Optimizing Pathways and Market Systems for Enhanced Competitiveness of Sustainable Bio-Energy (BIOTEAM)

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The aim of BIOTEAM is to help public and private stakeholders gain better insights on how the bioenergy market works and how private business decisions and EU and national policy instruments (e.g., NREAPs, fiscal instruments, feed-in schemes, land-use/forest management policies, etc.) affect bioenergy pathway competitiveness and sustainability (i.e. environmental, economic and social). The impact of BIOTEAM will be that public and private sector stakeholders in six EU countries (Finland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Latvia and Poland) revise or at least consider a revision of their decisions (e.g. bioenergy policy incentives, choice of biomass feedstock, investment size of bioenergy production plants) towards more sustainable pathways on the basis of the insights developed by the project. Capitalisation and transfer of tools and results to other EU countries is foreseen.


  • A harmonized framework for assessing bio-energy pathways. This will be done by making use of the extensive knowledge and information that is available on the use of sustainability indicators for bioenergy;
  • A detailed sustainability impact assessment of a set of prioritised bio-energy pathways for each country involved (Finland, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands and Poland). The pathway assessments describe the lifecycle sustainability impact of a bio-energy product and will form the basis for further analysis within the project. It will also be assessed how the pathways fit into the countries’ present energy systems and how they relate to alternative use modes of the biomass resources;
  • 6 national market system assessments (or ‘market maps’) for each of the combined set of bioenergy pathways that are part of the overall national bio-energy market. These market maps will allow bio-energy market stakeholders to take a snapshot of the overall market system for bio-energy and its associated governance structures. This market system assessment will show how market actors optimize their individual behaviour and how they interact, within the boundaries of given certain system barriers
  • A comprehensive assessment of bio-energy policy interactions, and a set of strategic policy recommendations on how to shape policy instrument packages at the EU and Member State levels in such a way that they allow for fair competition between bio-energy pathways within the common European market for bioenergy with optimised sustainability contributions in economic, social and environmental terms.

Lessons learned

  • An important lesson learned relates to the early involvement of public stakeholders and trying to establish feedback loops with public stakeholders. Although the consortium has contacted and engaged several public stakeholders, in hindsight the BIOTEAM work planning - first focus on sustainability assessments and then on policies and markets – did not perfectly match with the needs of public stakeholders, who generally expressed more interest in the policy and the market system analysis.
  • It was found that LCA - as an analysis tool – is very useful, but that the tool and the associated results has some limitations. In general LCA results are (or can) strongly depend on methodological choices / assumptions that are made. As a result, the main lesson learned is that pathway assessment results should be interpreted with care, and should never be presented by the BIOTEAM consortium as absolute or fixed values.

Partners and coordinator

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Stichting Joint Implementation Network
Contact point: 
Mr Eise Spijker


Key documents

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In brief

01/04/2013 to 31/03/2016
Contract number: 

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