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Reinforcing investments in Biogas technologies for small scale RES applications in islands (BIORES)

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BIORES aimed to promote technologies for energy production from biogas derived from municipal waste in European islands. Its full title is "Reinforcing Investments in biogas technologies for small-scale RES applications in islands" Work started in November 2007 and the project has a duration of 30 months. Work focused on 6 European islands, namely Samos (Greece), Samsö (Denmark), Sardinia and Tremiti islands (Italy), Porto Santo (Portugal) and the Outer Hebrides of Scotland. The project addresses two important issues faced by islands: • energy dependency from the mainland, and • waste management. BIORES promoted small-scale decentralised energy production from renewable energy sources. It also linked it with the energy end-use needs of the island communities. In addition, it promoted sustainable waste management. A software decision support system (DSS) was developed, taking into account all the parameters that affect decisions for investing in small-scale RES applications based on biogas from waste. The DSS tool assists potential investors to assess the existing situation, identify barriers that are present in each case and evaluate possible investments.

Results

  • Action plans for overcoming non-technical barriers hindering the promotion of energy production from biogas derived from municipal waste
  • On-line decision support system for local and national authorities and investors, which will assess the techno-economic perspectives and feasibility of such investments and identify the technologies that are appropriate to be applied in each region
  • Increase of decentralised energy production, increase of the green electricity's share in the market and decrease of energy dependency of islands from fossil fuels and from the mainland.
  • Raising of awareness at local level by presenting the environmental, socio-economic and market benefits of the exploitation of biogas in islands so that energy production from biogas is supported by local communities
  • Increase of decentralised energy production, increase of the green electricity’s share in the market and decrease of energy dependency of islands from fossil fuels and from the mainland.
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Lessons learned

  • The biogas potential from municipal solid waste for relatively small islands may not be sufficient forthe construction of a biogas unit: In these cases, building a co-digestion plant, mixing municipal solid waste with other feedstock, can be a solution. Through the procedure of contacts with market actors in islands, three basic feedstock options came up for the exploitation of biogas from municipal sold waste (MSW).
  • Five non-technical barriers for islands are common in five out of the six the islands examined. These are administrative (time consuming authorization procedures), regulatory (considering the biogas plant supply), economic (fears related to vailable infrastructure) and market (competitive “investment” schemes exist) related.
  • In countries/regions with lacking waste infrastructure where citizens are not sufficiently informed,the solution of biogas exploitation from landfills is the most attractive one since no objection will be raised by changing the way the biogas is managed inside a landfill site. In addition the time needed for authorization is reduced. The usual funding option for biogas plants in such countries is to acquire European or state funds.
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Partners and coordinator

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Contact

ENERGY - ENVIRONMENT - LOCAL DEVELOPMENT Ltd
Greece
Contact point: 
Name: 
Olga Bourka
Tel: 
+30 210 222 4208

Budget

In brief

Duration:
01/11/2007 to 30/04/2010
Contract number: 
EISAS/EIE/07/045/2007

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