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Design and Impact of a Harmonised Policy for Renewable Electricity in Europe (BEYOND2020)

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Aim of this proposed action is to look beyond 2020 by designing and evaluating feasible pathways of a harmonised European policy framework. Strategic objectives are to contribute to the forming of a European vision of a joint future RES policy framework in the mid- to long-term and to provide guidance on improving policy design. The work will include five different policy paths - i.e. uniform quota, quota with technology banding, fixed feed-in tariff, feed-in premium, no dedicated RES support besides the ETS. An impact assessment will be undertaken to assess and contrast different instruments. This involves a quantitative analysis of future RES deployment and corresponding costs based on the Green-X model. The overall assessment will focus on the period beyond 2020, however the transition phase before 2020 will be considered as well. The final outcome will be a policy package, offering a concise representation of key outcomes, a comparison of pros and cons of each policy pathway and roadmaps for practical implementation. The project will be embedded in an interactive dissemination framework consisting of regional/topical workshops, stakeholder consultation and a final conference.

Results

  • Establishment of the common scientific knowledge base for the design, assessment and implementation of policy proposals towards a harmonisation of RES(-E) support in Europe: Thus, a broad set of results will be derived within beyond2020, available in form of comprehensive project reports, accomplished by brief summaries of key findings and presentations at workshops as well as via scientific papers.
  • Guidance on important legal aspects for a harmonisation of RES(-E) support: beyond2020 will identify potential areas of conflict of a harmonised RES(-E) support scheme with European Union Law, identify legal requirements and derive policy recommendations for the adoption and implementation of a potential harmonised RES(-E) support scheme.
  • Recommendations for an enhanced market integration of RES-E: A Review report on interactions between RES-E support instruments and electricity markets will be derived, depicting the scientific view as well as the view of electricity market players.
  • A thorough evaluation of policy options for harmonisation of RES(-E) support, comprising a quantitative assessment of future impacts and costs of the proposed policy approaches until 2030 and, incorporating also the outcomes of the qualitative assessment, a subsequent evaluation of policy proposals with Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA).
  • The final outcome will be a fine-tailored policy package,offering: -a concise representation of key outcomes and a detailed comparison of pros and cons of each policy pathway, -detailed roadmaps for practical implementation of each assessed policy pathway, -an outline of a legal draft for the implementation of key provisions for two recommended policy pathways. With this we aim that the EC should refer at least once to the contribution of this project in related publications.
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Lessons learned

  • The results of the policy assessment indicate that cooperation and coordination among Member States appears beneficial and required to tackle current problems in RES markets. Both policy options also appear to be fruitful for the period beyond 2020. Moreover, policy pathways building on a soft harmonization, in particular a harmonized feed-in premium system, appear beneficial, given that effort sharing across Member States would then be simplified and done in a fair manner.
  • Regarding juridical aspects, one challenging question concerns the legal basis for EU-level action in the energy field. Article 194 TFEU was introduced as a result of the Treaty of Lisbon and, as a new provision with rather vague wording, its precise implications are not yet completely clear. In particular, the caveat in the second sentence of Article 194(2) clearly introduces some limits upon the EU’s competence. However, the final interpretation is still up to be decided.
  • The interactions between RES-E pathways and electricity markets have been analyzed throughout this project. It shows that regulatory design is crucial for both the future deployment of RES-E as well as for the overall efficiency of wholesale markets and grids – for example improved cross-border transmission policies would facilitate the efficient operation of the grid under increased RES penetration.
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Partners and coordinator

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Contact

Vienna University of Technology (Technische Universitaet Wien)
Vienna
Austria
Contact point: 
Name: 
Reinhard Haas
Tel: 
0043-1-58801-37352
Name: 
Reinhard Haas
Tel: 
0043-1-58801-37357
Name: 
Hans Auer
Tel: 
0043-1-58801-37357
Name: 
tba
Name: 
Raphael Bointner
Tel: 
+43-1-58801370352
Name: 
Dr. Gustav Resch
Tel: 
0043-1-58801 370354
Name: 
Prof. Dr. Amela Ajanovic
Tel: 
0043-1-58801-370364

Budget

In brief

Duration:
01/04/2011 to 31/12/2013
Contract number: 
IEE/10/437

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