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Deriving effective least-cost policy strategies for alternative automotive concepts and alternative fuels (ALTER-MOTIVE)

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The core objective is to derive an action plan for implementing effective least-cost policy strategies (for the EU, specific countries & regions) to achieve a significant increase in innovative alternative fuels (AF) and corresponding alternative more efficient automotive technologies (AAMT) to head towards a sustainable individual & public transport system. The heart of this project is an investigation of about 80 recently implemented successful case studies of pilot projects for marketing AF & AAMT from all over Europe and beyond. This work builds on former IEE projects like SUGRE, CONCAVE. The action plans for policy makers for Europe as a whole and for specific regions and countries will be developed including detailed information on required actions (policy settings) on EU, national and local levels. In this action plan also recommendations will be provided how to promote and transfer the most promising current initiatives to other regions.

Results

  • Result from a comprehensive ecological and economic assessment of alternative fuels and alternative automotive technologies: (i) Biofuels: biogas has the best ecological performance but highest costs. Biodiesel and bioethanol have to considerably improve their ecological performance up to 2020 (ii) Hydrogen-based fuel cell and battery electric vehicles will remain comparably expensive up to 2020 and they are only preferable to conventional cars if they are fully based on renewables.
  • 130 case studies documented and presented at the project homepage for download. About 80 of them were evaluated comprehensively from energetic, ecological and economic point-of-view as well as regarding their acceptance. Virtually all of these case studies have received a very high acceptance by the public.
  • Implementation of an (internet-based) dynamic simulation model and the development of Business-as-usual (BAU) and ambitious policy (AP) scenarios using this model. In the BAU-scenario energy consumption as well as CO2 emissions remain fairly stabile while in the AP-scenario energy consumption decrease by about 14% and CO2 emissions by about 20% up to 2020.
  • Action Plan with key recommendations for policy-makers.The 2020 quantitative CO2 emission reduction target of the EU can only be reached with a proper mix of instruments.In this context, the instruments identified as having the highest short-term effects are standards and taxes.Improving energy efficiency alone does not necessarily lead to an equivalent energy and CO2 saving effect.Stricter standards should be accompanied by an additional focus on fuel conservation through fuel taxes.
  • In addition, biofuels can contribute significantly if their ecological performance is improved remarkably to save at least 60% CO2 compared to fossil fuels by 2020. In this time frame Electric vehicles and Fuel cell cars will not contribute significantly to CO2 savings.
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Lessons learned

  • Empirically implemented case studies have a high acceptance and contribute to distribute information on how biofuels, hydrogen-based fuel cell vehicles as well as battery electric vehicles work. Initiatives launched by the public sector are particularly effective in accelerating the distribution of new technologies via pilot projects.
  • Scenario analyses are very useful for identifying the effects of single policy measures as well as of the aggregate if different measures are implemented simultaneously.This is especially important to assess the impacts of simultaneous introduction of fuel and registration taxes, standards and biofuels. For example,more efficient cars consume less but the benefits can be reduced by increased vehicle km driven and purchase of larger cars. To some extent, this effect can be limited by taxes.
  • Stakeholder feedback is very important; it is particularly relevant when it can be based on specific inputs from the projects. The workshops where we presented detailed results and had precise suggestions for actions delivered remarkably more useful feedback than the events before. Last update: 05.11.11
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Partners and coordinator

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Contact

Vienna University of Technology (Technische Universitaet Wien)
Vienna
Austria
Contact point: 
Name: 
Reinhard Haas
Tel: 
0043-1-58801-37352
Name: 
Reinhard Haas
Tel: 
0043-1-58801-37357
Name: 
Hans Auer
Tel: 
0043-1-58801-37357
Name: 
tba
Name: 
Raphael Bointner
Tel: 
+43-1-58801370352
Name: 
Dr. Gustav Resch
Tel: 
0043-1-58801 370354
Name: 
Prof. Dr. Amela Ajanovic
Tel: 
0043-1-58801-370364

Budget

In brief

Duration:
01/10/2008 to 31/03/2011
Contract number: 
IEE/07/807/SI2.499569

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