Energy Performance Certificates

Private only

Buildings with EPCs registered

While it is not compulsory under the EPBD to set up a central/regional EPC register, almost all Member States have moved further than the obligations and implemented a system to collect EPC data. In 11 out of 28 Member States, in order to issue an EPC, it must be uploaded to the central database to be officially approved (BPIE, 2014).

These EPC registers are the primary source of information regarding certified buildings. The share of buildings registers in the EPC database varies across Europe.

EPC scope

According to the EPBD, an EPC shall include information on the energy performance of a building and the reference values. It shall also include recommendations on the cost-optimal, or cost-effective, improvements of the energy performance of a building or dwelling. It is up to the Member States to decide on the performance rating of the representation (i.e. energy level vs. continuous scale) as well as the type of recommendations (i.e. standardised vs. tailor-made).

EPC monitoring

The EPBD requires Member States to establish an independent control system and verify a random selection of at least a statistically significant percentage of all the energy performance certificates issued annually.