Building renovation rates

Private only:

Cost optimality level

The recast of the EPBD also requires Member States to set the abovementioned requirements based on a cost-optimal methodology. This methodology introduces the prerequisite to consider the global lifetime costs of the buildings and to shape their future energy performance requirements.


Several legislative initiatives for building renovation were put in place. The 2010 Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD, 2010/31/EU) introduced the requirement of implementing energy efficiency measures in connection to major renovations to encourage more ambitious renovation. The EPBD also asked EU Member States (MSs) to introduce cost-optimal energy performance requirements for new buildings as well as for renovation activities.

Minimum energy performance requirements for all buildings that undergo major renovation

Article 7 of the EPBD states that "Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that when buildings undergo major renovation, the energy performance of the building or the renovated part thereof is upgraded in order to meet minimum energy performance requirements set in accordance with Article 4 in so far as this is technically, functionally and economically feasible".

Major renovations, as defined in Article 2 of the EPBD recast, include the renovation of a building when: