Individual EU countries have different available resources and their own unique energy markets. This means that they will have to follow distinctive paths when it comes to meeting their obligations under the Renewable Energy Directive, including their legally binding 2020 targets. In their national action plans, they explain how they intend to do this. The plans cover:
- individual renewable energy targets for the electricity, heating and cooling, and transport sectors
- the planned mix of different renewables technologies
- policy measures to achieve national targets including cooperation between local, regional, and national authorities
- any planned statistical transfers and/or joint projects with other countries
- national policies to develop biomass resources
- measures to ensure that biofuels used to meet renewable energy targets are in compliance with the EU's sustainability criteria
The 2020 national renewable energy action plans
- Czechia (updated March 2013)
- United Kingdom
European economic area (EEA) countries
European Economic Area members Iceland and Norway have also produced action plans.
National renewable action plan database portal
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) has created a portal that provides access to the data from the Member States renewable energy action submitted under the 2009 renewables directive as well as a visualisation of the progress towards the targets.
Each EU country produced a renewable energy forecast in advance of submitting their national renewable energy action plan. This forecast was provided for in Article 4(3) of the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC)