Oil refining processes transform crude oils into finished products, including fuels and lubricants for automotive, ship and aircraft engines.
The EU is committed to supporting coal regions to ensure that the clean energy transition is fair and no region is left behind.
Carbon capture and storage prevents CO2 from reaching the atmosphere.
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) diversifies gas supply sources in the EU, thus enabling gas-to-gas competition and making countries more resourceful and resilient.
The EU helps ensure proper environmental safeguards in the extraction of shale gas.