Energy

National energy and climate plans (NECPs)

To meet the EU’s energy and climate targets for 2030, EU Member States need to establish a 10-year integrated national energy and climate plan (NECP) for the period from 2021 to 2030. The NECPs were introduced by the Regulation on the governance of the energy union and climate action (EU/2018/1999).

Areas covered by the NECPs

The national plans outline how the EU Member States intend to address

  • energy efficiency
  • renewables
  • emissions reductions
  • interconnections
  • research and innovation

This approach requires a coordination of purpose across all government departments. It also provides a level of planning that will ease public and private investment. The fact that all EU Member States are using a similar template means that they can work together to make efficiency gains across borders.

Factsheet explaining the national energy and climate plans (June 2019)

The process

The governance regulation required Member States to submit their draft NECPs for the period 2021-2030 to the Commission by 31 December 2018, with the final plans submitted by 31 December 2019. Each country must then submit a progress report every two years.

The Commission will, as part of the energy union report, monitor EU progress as a whole towards achieving these targets.

To better develop and implement the plans, the Member States must consult citizens, businesses and regional authorities in the drafting and finalisation process.

The Commission published a Communication (COM/2019/285) assessing the 28 draft NECPs as a whole in June 2019, together with specific recommendations and a detailed "Staff Working Document" for each Member State, available in the table below.

The Commission also published two detailed annexes on methodology (SWD/2019/212) and national forestry accounting plans (SWD/2019/213).

Draft NECPs, recommendations, assessment reports and factsheets

Open or close table

 

Member State

Commission analysis of draft NECPs

 

Draft NECPs, as submitted

Recommendations

Report

Factsheet

 

National language

EN

National website

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

C/2019/4420

EN

EN

 

DE

EN *

Austria

Belgium

C/2019/4401

EN

EN

 

Belgium’s draft NECP

EN *

Belgium (FR) (NL)

Bulgaria

C/2019/4402

EN

EN

 

BG

EN *

Bulgaria

Croatia

C/2019/4411

EN

EN

 

HR

EN

Croatia (HR) (EN)

Cyprus

C/2019/4413

EN

EN

 

EN

EN

Cyprus (EN)

Czechia

C/2019/4403

EN

EN

 

CS

EN *

Czech

Denmark

C/2019/4404

EN

EN

 

EN

EN

n/a

Estonia

C/2019/4406

EN

EN

 

ET

EN *

Estonia

Finland

C/2019/4426

EN

EN

 

EN

EN

Finland (EN)

France

C/2019/4410

EN

EN

 

FR

n/a

France

Germany

C/2019/4405

EN

EN

 

DE | EN

EN *

Germany

Greece

C/2019/4408

EN

EN

 

EL

EN *

Greece

Hungary

C/2019/4417

EN

EN

 

HU

EN *

n/a

Ireland

C/2019/4407

EN

EN

 

EN

EN

Ireland

Italy

C/2019/4412

EN

EN

 

IT

EN *

Italy

Latvia

C/2019/4414

EN

EN

 

LV

EN *

Latvia

Lithuania

C/2019/4415

EN

EN

 

LT

EN

Lithuania

Luxembourg

C/2019/4416

EN

EN

 

DE

EN *

Luxembourg

Malta

C/2019/4418

EN

EN

 

EN

EN

n/a

Netherlands

C/2019/4419

EN

EN

 

NL

EN

Netherlands

Poland

C/2019/4421

EN

EN

 

Part 1 | Part 2 
| Part 3

Part 1

Poland

Portugal

C/2019/4422

EN

EN

 

PT

EN *

Portugal

Romania

C/2019/4423

EN

EN

 

RO

EN

Romania (RO ) (EN)

Slovakia

C/2019/4425

EN

EN

 

SK

EN

n/a

Slovenia

C/2019/4424

EN

EN

 

SI

EN *

Slovenia

Spain

C/2019/4409

EN

EN

 

ES

EN *

n/a

Sweden

C/2019/4427

EN

EN

 

EN

EN

Sweden

UK

C/2019/4428

EN

EN

 

EN

EN

UK

*Courtesy translation provided by European Commission services

Public consultation of NECPs

When preparing the NECPs, Member States must give the public early and effective opportunities to participate, in line with article 10 of the governance regulation. This includes setting reasonable timeframes allow the public to be informed, participate and express its views. A summary of the public's views must be attached to the NECP.

Further to this obligation, it is important to remember that all Member States are parties, in their own right, to the “Aarhus Convention” of 25 June 1998, which establishes a number of rights of the public with regard to decision-making on environment matters.

The Aarhus Compliance Committee issued, on 28 May 2019, an Advice to Member States on the public consultation process of the final NECPs. Member States are therefore advised to make sure that

  • the arrangements are transparent and fair
  • within the arrangements, the necessary information is provided to the public
  • the requirements of article 6(3), (4) and (8) of the Aarhus Convention are met, including reasonable timeframes and ensuring that due account is taken of the outcomes of public participation
  • Member States ensure that all options, which were open at the time of the preparation of the draft 2021-2030 NECPs, are open at the time of the public participation procedure
     

National long-term strategies

According to the new rules laid out in the governance regulation, EU countries are also required to develop national long-term strategies by 1 January 2020 and they must ensure consistency between long-term-strategies and the NECPs.

In November 2018, the Commission presented its strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate-neutral economy by 2050. An EU-wide informed debate should allow the EU to adopt an ambitious strategy by early 2020.

Documents

Related links