Energy

National energy and climate plans (NECPs)

To meet the EU’s energy and climate targets for 2030, EU Member States need to establish a 10-year national energy and climate plan (NECP) for the period from 2021 to 2030. The NECPs were introduced by the Regulation on the governance of the energy union and climate action (EU/2018/1999).

Areas covered by the energy and climate plans

The plans outline how the EU Member States intend to address

  • energy efficiency
  • renewables
  • emissions reductions
  • interconnections
  • research and innovation

This approach requires a coordination of purpose across all government departments. It also provides a level of planning that will ease public and private investment. The fact that all EU Member States are using a similar template means that they can work together to make efficiency gains across borders.

Factsheet explaining the national energy and climate plans (June 2019)

Draft plans, recommendations, assessment reports and factsheets

According to the governance regulation, EU countries are required to

  • develop integrated National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) that cover the five dimensions of the energy union for the period 2021 to 2030 (and every following ten year period) based on a common template
  • submit a draft NECP by 31 December 2018 and be ready to submit the final plans by 31 December 2019 to the European Commission
  • report on the progress they make in implementing their NECPs every two years

The European Commission will monitor EU progress as a whole towards achieving these targets, notably as part of the energy union report.

To better develop and implement the plans, it is important that citizens, businesses and regional authorities are part of the process.

The Commission published a Communication assessing the 28 draft NECPs as a whole in June 2019, together with specific recommendations and a detailed "Staff Working Document" for each Member State, available in the table below. Thes Commission also published two detailed annexes on methodology and national forestry accounting plans.

  

Draft NECPs submitted to the European Commission, Commission recommendations on the draft plans,  Commission assessment reports (SWD) and factsheets

  

Member State

Commission analysis of draft NECPs

 

Draft NECPs, as submitted

Recommendations

Report

Factsheet

 

National language

EN

National website

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

AT Rec | AT Rec (de)

AT SWD

AT

 

de

en *

Austria

Belgium

BE Rec | BE Rec (fr) | BE Rec (nl)

BE SWD

BE

 

Belgium’s draft NECP

en *

Belgium (fr) (nl)

Bulgaria

BG Rec | BG Rec (bg)

BG SWD

BG

 

bg

en *

Bulgaria

Croatia

HR Rec | HR Rec (hr)

HR SWD

HR

 

hr

en

Croatia (hr) (en)

Cyprus

CY Rec | CY Rec (el)

CY SWD

CY

 

en

en

Cyprus (en)

Czechia

CZ Rec | CZ Rec (cs)

CZ SWD

CZ

 

cs

en *

Czech (cs)

Denmark

DK Rec | DK Rec (da)

DK SWD

DK

 

en

en

n/a

Estonia

EE Rec | EE Rec (et)

EE SWD

EE

 

et

en *

Estonia

Finland

FI Rec | FI Rec (fi) | FI Rec (sv) 

FI SWD

FI

 

en

en

Finland (en)

France

FR Rec | FR Rec (fr)

FR SWD

FR

 

fr

n/a

France

Germany

DE Rec | DE Rec (de)

DE SWD

DE

 

de | en

en *

Germany

Greece

EL Rec | EL Rec (el)

EL SWD

EL

 

el

en *

Greece

Hungary

HU Rec | HU Rec (hu)

HU SWD

HU

 

hu

en *

n/a

Ireland

IE Rec 

IE SWD

IE

 

en

en

Ireland

Italy

IT Rec | IT Rec (it)

IT SWD

IT

 

it

en *

Italy

Latvia

LV Rec | LV Rec (lv)

LV SWD

LV

 

lv

en *

Latvia

Lithuania

LT Rec | LT Rec (lt)

LT SWD

LT

 

lt

en

Lithuania

Luxembourg

LU Rec LU Rec (de) | LU Rec (fr)

LU SWD

LU

 

de

en *

Luxembourg

Malta

MT Rec | MT Rec (mt)

MT SWD

MT

 

en

en

n/a

Netherlands

NL Rec NL Rec (nl)

NL SWD

NL

 

nl

en

Netherlands

Poland

PL Rec | PL Rec (pl)

PL SWD

PL

 

Part 1 | Part 2 
| Part 3

Part 1

Poland

Portugal

PT Rec | PT Rec (pt)

PT SWD

PT

 

pt

en *

Portugal

Romania

RO Rec | RO Rec (ro)

RO SWD

RO

 

ro

en

Romania (ro ) (en)

Slovakia

SK Rec | SK Rec (sk)

SK SWD

SK

 

sk

en

n/a

Slovenia

SI Rec | SI Rec (si)

SI SWD

SI

 

si

en *

Slovenia

Spain

ES Rec | ES Rec (es)

ES SWD

ES

 

es

en *

n/a

Sweden

SE Rec | SE Rec (sv)

SE SWD

SE

 

en

en

Sweden

UK

UK Rec 

UK SWD

UK

 

en

en

UK

*Courtesy translation provided by European Commission services

Documents

Related links