On 24 December 2018 the regulation on the governance of the energy union and climate action entered into force.
- to implement strategies and measures which ensure that the objectives of the energy union, in particular the EU’s 2030 energy and climate targets, and the long-term EU greenhouse gas emissions commitments are consistent with the Paris agreement.
- to stimulate cooperation between Member States in order to achieve the objectives and targets of the energy union
- to promote long-term certainty and predictability for investors across the EU and foster jobs, growth and social cohesion
- to reduce administrative burdens, in line with the principle of better regulation. This was done by integrating and streamlining most of the current energy and climate planning and reporting requirements of EU countries as well as the Commission's monitoring obligations
- to ensure consistent reporting by the EU and its Member States under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris agreement, replacing the existing monitoring and reporting system from 2021 onwards.
Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs)
The governance mechanism is based on integrated national energy and climate plans (NECPs) covering ten-year periods starting from 2021 to 2030, EU and national long-term strategies, as well as integrated reporting, monitoring and data publication. The transparency of the governance mechanism is ensured by consulting wide public on the NECPs.
The regulation on the governance of the energy union and climate action emphasises the importance of meeting the EU's 2030 energy and climate targets and sets out how EU countries and the Commission should work together, and how individual countries should cooperate, to achieve the energy union's goals. It takes into account the fact that different countries can contribute to the Energy Union in different ways.
Under the regulation, each Member States was required to submit a draft NECPs by the end of 2018, which is then assessed by the Commission. If the draft NECPs do not sufficiently contribute to reaching the energy union’s objectives – individually and/or collectively – then the Commission may, by the end of June 2018, make recommendations for countries to amend their draft programmes. The final NECPs must be submitted by the end of 2019.
National long-term strategies
According to the new rules laid out in the governance regulation, EU countries are also required to develop national long-term strategies by 1 January 2020, and consistency between long-term-strategies and NECPs has to be ensured.
In November 2018, the Commission presented its strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate-neutral economy by 2050. An EU-wide informed debate should allow the EU to adopt an ambitious strategy by early 2020.