The Energy Union means making energy more secure, affordable and sustainable. It will facilitate the free flow of energy across borders and a secure supply in every EU country, for every European citizen. New technologies and renewed infrastructure will contribute to cutting household bills and creating new jobs and skills, as companies expand exports and boost growth. It will lead to a sustainable, low carbon and environmentally friendly economy, putting Europe at the forefront of renewable energy production, clean energy technologies, and the fight against global warming.
The Energy Union strategy builds further on the 2030 Framework for Climate and Energy and the European Energy Security Strategy. The Energy Union is made up of five closely related and mutually reinforcing dimensions:
- security, solidarity and trust: diversifying Europe's sources of energy and ensuring energy security through solidarity and cooperation between EU countries
- a fully integrated internal energy market: enabling the free flow of energy through the EU through adequate infrastructure and without technical or regulatory barriers
- energy efficiency: improved energy efficiency will reduce dependence on energy imports, lower emissions, and drive jobs and growth
- decarbonising the economy: the EU is committed to a quick ratification of the Paris Agreement and to retaining its leadership in the area of renewable energy
- research, innovation and competitiveness: supporting breakthroughs in low-carbon and clean energy technologies by prioritising research and innovation to drive the energy transition and improve competitiveness.
Since the Energy Union strategy was launched in February 2015, the Commission has published several packages of measures to ensure the Energy Union is achieved. The Commission also publishes regular reports on the progress of the Energy Union, the most recent in November 2017.
The Commission's 'Clean Energy for All Europeans' package, which was published in November 2016, includes a proposal for a Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union. This regulation will be fundamental to delivering on the Energy Union's objectives and ensuring sufficient action is taken to meet the EU's 2030 targets for climate and energy.