Building the energy union

Building the energy union

The energy union means making energy more secure, affordable and sustainable. It will facilitate the free flow of energy across borders and a secure supply in every EU country, for every European citizen. New technologies and renewed infrastructure will contribute to cutting household bills and creating new jobs and skills, as companies expand exports and boost growth. It will lead to a sustainable, low carbon and environmentally friendly economy, putting Europe at the forefront of renewable energy production, clean energy technologies, and the fight against global warming.

The energy union is made up of five closely related and mutually reinforcing dimensions:

  • Security, solidarity and trust -  diversifying Europe's sources of energy and ensuring energy security through solidarity and cooperation between EU countries
  • A fully integrated internal energy market -  enabling the free flow of energy through the EU through adequate infrastructure and without technical or regulatory barriers
  • Energy efficiency -  improved energy efficiency will reduce dependence on energy imports, lower emissions, and drive jobs and growth
  • Climate action, decarbonising the economy -  the EU is committed to a quick ratification of the Paris Agreement and to retaining its leadership in the area of renewable energy
  • Research, innovation and competitiveness -  supporting breakthroughs in low-carbon and clean energy technologies by prioritising research and innovation to drive the energy transition and improve competitiveness.

The fourth State of the energy union report was published in April 2019 and shows that Europe's energy supply is now safer, more viable and more accessible to everyone than it was only a few years ago. Furthermore, it shows that:

  • its modernised energy system boosts the EU economy, attracts investments and creates local job opportunities
  • it has enablished the EU to increase its level of ambition for 2030 in a number of energy related sectors, from increased targets for renewable energy and energy efficiency, to targets on emissions from cars, vans and lorries
  • it has provided a solid basis for work towards a modern and prosperous climate-neutral economy by 2050
  • it has allowed the EU to speak with one strong voice, instrumental for the negotiation and implementation of the Paris Agreement, and to continue to lead by example in global climate action through a competitive and socially fair transition

The regulation on the Governance of the energy union and climate action was adopted on 24 December 2018 and is part of the Clean energy for all Europeans package. This regulation will be fundamental for delivering on the energy union's objectives and ensuring that sufficient action is taken to meet the EU's 2030 targets for climate and energy.


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