Nearly zero-energy buildings

Nearly zero-energy buildings

Nearly zero-energy buildings (NZEBs) have very high energy performance. The low amount of energy that these buildings require comes mostly from renewable sources.

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive requires all new buildings to be nearly zero-energy by the end of 2020. All new public buildings must be nearly zero-energy by 2018.

National plans

EU countries have to draw up national plans to increase the number of NZEBs.

EU countries' nearly zero-energy buildings national plans

Progress report

A European Commission progress report from 2013 found that EU countries had to significantly step up their efforts to take advantage of the opportunities presented by NZEBs.

Progress by EU countries towards nearly zero-energy buildings [COM(2013)483]

Information from individual countries

In 2014, the European Commission examined progress across EU countries towards the NZEB target. This updated information is presented in two templates.

The first template presents information on intermediate targets and policy measures for NZEBs. The second template provides information on the national application of the definition of NZEBs from the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive.

Templates filled out by EU countries

Study on NZEBs

A 2012 study provides guidance to EU countries and the European Commission to ensure nearly zero-energy requirements become the norm for any new building in the EU.

Latest update on NZEBs

In 2014, the European Commission published a report, accompanied by a Background Paper, about the information communicated by EU countries on NZEBs.

The Background Paper summarizes the development of the templates created in 2013 to facilitate the submission of the national plans as well as the collection of consolidated information from countries, who broadly accepted these new tools. Furthermore, the paper evaluates the quality of the templates and presents some suggestions for improvement.

The working version of the Progress Report gives an overview of the differences in progress between countries concerning the implementation of the NZEB requirements (Energy Performance of Buildings Directive article 9).

In 2016, the Commission's Joint Research Centre prepared a Synthesis Report on the National Plans for Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs) . The report analyses EU countries' National Plans to assess progress towards NZEBs and evaluates the different aspects of the definitions used by countries.