Standby and off-mode

Standby and off-mode


EU ecodesign requirements are mandatory for all manufacturers and suppliers wishing to sell products consuming electric power in standby and off mode in the EU. A wide range of equipment – computers, TVs, audio and video equipment, dishwashers, microwave ovens, and electric toys – can have standby modes. Since 2009 these devices are required to switch into a low power mode after a reasonable amount of time. Since 2013, they must not consume more than 0.5 Watts in standby mode. These rules have reduced annual electricity consumption by around 35.5 TWh per year – the equivalent to the annual energy consumption of Romania. This has saved consumers €25 billion per year and 39 Mt of CO2 emissions.

However, modern appliances are increasingly connected to the internet during standby mode, consuming higher amounts of energy. This includes networked televisions and decoders, printers, game consoles and modems. Specific requirements for network-connected standby devices were introduced in 2013. Since January 2017 networked standby devices must not consume more than 3 to 12 Watts depending on the product. This compares to 20 to 80 Watts previously. This decrease is expected to save an additional 36-38 TWh.



Ecodesign regulation for standby off mode electric power consumption of electrical and electronic household and office equipment (EU) 1275/2008 amended by (EU) 801/2013, introducing requirements for networked standby.

Harmonised standards 2012/C 394/05

Guidelines accompanying the regulation 1275/2008

Guidelines accompanying Regulation (EU) 801/2013

Standardisation mandate M/544