Nearly zero-energy buildings have very high energy performance. The low amount of energy that these buildings require comes mostly from renewable sources.
The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive requires all new buildings to be nearly zero-energy by the end of 2020. All new public buildings must be nearly zero-energy by 2018.
EU countries have to draw up national plans to increase the number of nearly zero-energy buildings.
A European Commission progress report from 2013 found that EU countries had to significantly step up their efforts to take advantage of the opportunities presented by nearly zero-energy buildings.
Information from individual countries
In 2014, the European Commission examined progress across EU countries towards the nearly zero-energy buildings target. This updated information is presented in two templates.
The first template presents information on intermediate targets and policy measures for nearly zero-energy buildings. The second template provides information on the national application of the definition of nearly zero-energy buildings from the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive.
Study on nearly zero-energy buildings
A 2012 study provides guidance to EU countries and the European Commission to ensure nearly zero-energy requirements become the norm for any new building in the EU.
Latest update on NZEBs (October 2014)
In October 2014, the European Commission published a report about the information communicated by Member States on Nearly Zero-Energy Buildings (NZEBs).
The Background Paper summarizes the development of the templates created in 2013 to facilitate the submission of the national plans as well as the collection of consolidated information from Member States, who broadly accepted these new tools. Furthermore, the paper evaluates the quality of the templates and presents some suggestions for improvement.
The working version of the Progress Report gives an overview of the differences in progress between the Member States concerning the implementation of the NZEB requirements (EPBD article 9), showing a clear improvement, both quantitatively and qualitatively, of the information submitted to the European Commission in preparation of the Commission progress report of 28 June 2013.