Energy

Studies

Studies

The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.

Copyright in these studies is held by the European Union. Persons wishing to use the contents of these studies (in whole or in part) for purposes other than their personal use are invited to submit a written request by electronic form.

Mapping of the current EU clean energy finance landscape

Energy strategy, Renewable energy, Energy Efficiency
04/2017

The main goal of this report is to map and explain the sources of finance and corresponding clean energy investment opportunities that are interacting in the EU's clean energy finance landscape. Suggestions on how to usefully incorporate such findings in existing macro-economic models are then provided.

Report

Case study – Energy Resilience and Vulnerability in the EU and Other Global Regions

Energy strategy, Renewable energy, Energy Efficiency
04/2017

This case study examines the resilience of the EU economy to energy supply shocks and provides comparisons with six other global regions. Trends in the EU and other global regions are reviewed for key indicators that measure aspects of resilience to energy supply shocks. The case study then proceeds to present the results of new econometric analysis of the degree of substitutability between energy and other production factors across EU sectors.

Report

Preparatory Study for the Fitness Check Evaluation of Planning and Reporting obligations in the EU energy acquis and for an Impact Assessment for legislative proposals on streamlining (Energy Union Governance)

Energy strategy
02/2017

The study analyses the planning, reporting and monitoring obligations in the EU energy acquis in order to contribute to the Commission's related Fitness Check. The study collects and analyses evidence, both qualitatively and quantitatively, on the existing obligations and their costs and benefits, and uses the five Better Regulation criteria of effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, coherence and EU added value to assess the obligations. Furthermore, the study assesses policy options for streamlining and integrating these planning, reporting and monitoring obligations into integrated national energy and climate plans, integrated progress reports and integrated monitoring, as envisaged in the Energy Union Strategy, in order to contribute to the Commission's related Impact Assessment.

Study

Prices and costs of EU energy – Ecofys BV study

Energy strategy, Infrastructure
12/2016

The study analyses the developments of retail energy prices in the EU and the factors driving prices. It also looks at the impact of energy prices on the budgets of European households and how energy costs affect European industry and its competitiveness, particularly for energy intensive industries. The report also provides international comparisons of energy prices and costs. This study provided input to the report on the "Energy prices and costs in Europe" which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.

StudyAnnex 1 | Annex 2 | Annex 3 | Annex 4 | Annex 5 

Study on Quo vadis gas market regulatory framework

Energy strategy, Oil, gas and coal
11/2016

The aim of the study is to provide substantiated analysis as to whether the current regulatory framework in the EU gas sector is the most effective in order to maximise overall EU welfare or whether amendments may be necessary, and if so provide recommendations. Read the related discussion papers and the related stakeholder responses. These discussion papers will serve as input to the study and as basis for discussion.

Please note that comments received from stakeholders in conjunction with the discussion papers can and will not influence the ongoing selection process of the submitted consultant proposals which is the sole prerogative of DG Energy.

EU energy trends and macroeconomic performance

Energy strategy
07/2016

This report highlights the main historical trends in the EU’s energy demand and supply, setting them in the context of wider global trends, summarises views on the key drivers of those trends, and discusses the macroeconomic importance of energy.

Study

Selecting Indicators to Measure Energy Poverty

Energy strategy
05/2016

Energy poverty is a raising policy issue across the EU. To understand the extent and depth of the problem of affordability of energy services better indicators are needed. The report recommends four key indicators to measure the number of households in energy poverty. These indicators are tested and computed for the Netherlands, Slovakia, Spain and Italy using currently available data.

Report

Annex 1 | Annex 4

Employment effects of selected scenarios from the energy roadmap 2050

Energy strategy
10/2014