The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.
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This study examines the impact of diverging transmission tariff structures in EU member States. It explores some of the key issues in relation to transmission tariffs and outlines potential policy options for the Commission to consider. It also provide a summary of congestion income spending in EU Member States in recent years.
Risk preparedness in the area of security of electricity supply is a raising policy issue across the EU. This study provides an overview of the current legal framework and practices across the EU-28 with regard to security of electricity supply. More specifically, it focuses on how Member States identify, prevent, prepare and respond to security of supply risks and emergency situations.