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These are the final results of a study of fuel consumption (WP1) and technologies (WP2) used in the heating/cooling sector in EU28+3 (Tender ENER/C2/2014-641). Analysis of scenarios up to 2020 and 2030 (WP3) and a related economic analysis (WP4) were also carried out together with the identification of obstacles, best practices and policy recommendations (WP5). The data set for WP1, WP2 and WP3 is also provided.
This report outlines the results of the analysis performed on evidence from the cases of smart cities and solutions, assessing the main features impacting opportunities for rolling out integrated smart city solutions. It ultimately aims to use the analysis of SCC (Smart Cities and Communities) solutions to promote a better understanding of success factors for their deployment and roll-out.
This report provides a review and synthesis of current knowledge regarding policyinduced energy innovation and technological change and its likely implications for the macro-economy and future low-carbon societies in the European Union.