The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.
Copyright in these studies is held by the European Union. Persons wishing to use the contents of these studies (in whole or in part) for purposes other than their personal use are invited to submit a written request by electronic form.
This report covers work performed in the context of the Impact Assessment of the Market Design Initiative, consisting of two parts. The first part focuses on electricity market operation and evaluates a number of policy options. The second part examines the behaviour of investors and assesses the ability of markets to sustain adequate levels of investments in future years. The study used modelling techniques based on the PRIMES model and electricity markets sub-models developed for the scope of the impact assessment.
The present report describes and evaluates scenarios fostering the full integration of the Baltic electricity system within the EU power and market framework. Towards this goal, the de-synchronisation of the Baltic electricity grids from the Russia/Belarus system crucially represents a key-necessary requirement.
The objective of this study is thus to provide an in-depth analysis of the electricity infrastructure developments in that region (especially the need of new interconnections), to understand the barriers (administrative, permitting, regulatory and financing aspects) towards the deployment of these projects, and to provide recommendations to progress on PCIs deployment in this region.
The purpose of the study was to assess the notifications received from Member States about investment projects in energy infrastructure for accuracy and completeness by comparing them with independent sources. It covers the 2015 notifications exercise, but input from the three previous exercises was used as background. The analysis also contributed data on Member States that did not report to the Commission, in order to show an EU-wide, sector-specific overview of investments. It also considers research-based estimates of upcoming investments in energy infrastructure, quantified both in capacity and in monetary terms. The latter is not requested by Regulation 256. In sum, the study is a thorough update on both current and planned energy infrastructure at EU, Member State and sector levels. Its conclusion focuses on the added value of the information supplied by the Member States under this reporting scheme.
Despite existing public support programmes, many PCIs in energy infrastructure are still delayed because of obstacles in financing. Many projects are not reaching the bankability stage. Both investment volumes and project complexity often exceed the capacities of the involved transmission system operators (TSOs). For this study, four electricity and gas TSOs were selected to receive support in mastering their PCI-related financing challenges.
The study analyses the developments of retail energy prices in the EU and the factors driving prices. It also looks at the impact of energy prices on the budgets of European households and how energy costs affect European industry and its competitiveness, particularly for energy intensive industries. The report also provides international comparisons of energy prices and costs. This study provided input to the report on the "Energy prices and costs in Europe" which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.
The study has been carried out for the European Commission and expresses the opinion of the organisation having undertaken them. To this end, it does not reflect the views of the European Commission, TSOs, project promoters and other stakeholders involved. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the study, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.
The main purpose of this study is to examine the permit granting process for PCIs in the Member States and to assess their compliance with the specific schemes and requirements laid out in the TENE Reg.
The overall objective of the assignment is to assess the investment requirements of the European TSOs in relation to their financing capabilities.
As set out in the technical specifications, the objectives of the project are to ‘collect and to analyse primarily legal information, as well as technical, environmental and economic data linked to carbon dioxide infrastructure, to develop necessary criteria and process for carbon dioxide (CO2) cross-border infrastructure projects at the EU-level’.