Energy

Studies

Studies

The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.

Copyright in these studies is held by the European Union. Persons wishing to use the contents of these studies (in whole or in part) for purposes other than their personal use are invited to submit a written request by electronic form.

Analysis of the latest available scientific research and evidence on indirect land use change (ILUC) greenhouse gas emissions associated with production of biofuels and bioliquids

Renewable energy
10/2017

This report was commissioned to gather comprehensive information on, and to provide systematic analysis of the latest available scientific research and the latest available scientific evidence on indirect land use change (ILUC) greenhouse gas emissions associated with production of biofuels and bioliquids.

The study concludes that ILUC factors identified in the literature vary significantly across biofuel pathways, studies, or even within studies. Studies that have investigated parametric uncertainty conclude that parametric uncertainty has a significant effect on the outcomes. As a consequence of all the uncertainties in the components of ILUC emissions, it is very difficult to narrow them down.

Study | Report presentation

Environmental Baseline Study for the Development of Renewable Energy Sources, Energy storages and a Meshed Electricity Grid in the North and Irish Seas. WP3 Final Baseline Environmental report.

Renewable energy
08/2017
The development of an offshore renewable energy system in the Irish and North Seas represents a significant opportunity towards meeting the EU's energy, environmental, growth and employment objectives. The region has a vast renewable energy potential that could provide a significant share of Europe’s power supply by 2030 and beyond. Furthermore, such a regional energy system could also contribute to the further integration and flexibility of the electricity market in northwest Europe, which is an important step towards a single European electricity market and improved energy security within the EU. To ensure that environmental concerns and impacts are appropriately considered in the development of such an offshore energy system, the European Commission has appointed a multi-disciplinary team to prepare an environmental study.

Design of flexibility portfolios at Member State level to facilitate a cost-efficient integration of high shares of renewable electricity

Renewable energy
08/2017

This study aims to measure the flexibility needs arising from a higher penetration of variable renewable electricity, and to identify and select options for increasing the flexibility of the electricity system. A first report by the Oeko-Institut presents a historical assessment of progress made in the integration of variable renewable electricity in Europe, and develops first-tier indicators for flexibility. A second report by Artelys proposes a methodology for designing and optimising flexibility portfolios at Member State-level, and presents the results of an optimisation based on Artelys' Crystal model. The study is the last task of a broader project ("Mainstreaming RES" (ENER/C1/2014-668) and is intended as an input in Member States' preparation of their National Energy and Climate Plans under the proposed Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union (COM(2016) 759 final).

Oeko-Institut report | Artelys report | Mainstreaming RES – flexibility portfolios

Sustainable and optimal use of biomass for energy in the EU beyond 2020

Renewable energy
06/2017

This study provides an analysis of biomass supply potentials for energy use in the EU, projections of EU bioenergy demand post-2020, and an impact assessment of possible EU policy options for bioenergy sustainability post-2020, with a focus on biomass for heat and power.

Study | Annexes

Report on the first results of H2020 projects on energy efficiency and system integration

Renewable energy, Energy Efficiency
05/2017

The study analyses the initial results from Horizon 2020 projects in four areas: Energy Efficiency, Low Carbon Energy (grids and storage), Low Carbon Energy Renewable Energy System Market Uptake and Smart Cities and Communities.
It comes in support to the Interim Evaluation of H2020 and the midterm review of the Multiannual Financial Framework.

Report

Early Estimates of Main Energy Balance Sheets Components-a methodology and 2015 results

Renewable energy
04/2017

The report first identifies and assesses options for collecting or calculating preliminary data (or ‘early estimates’) on annual energy consumption for EU Member States and the EU as a whole for the year t-1 (i.e. currently 2015) within eight to nine months of the end of the year.

The second part of the report focuses on producing the early estimates for the year 2015 both for the EU as a whole and for each EU Member State on the basis of the methodologies developed. This involves the calculation of early estimates of energy balances, of the renewable energy share in gross final energy consumption and in gross electricity generation.

Report

Mapping of the current EU clean energy finance landscape

Energy strategy, Renewable energy, Energy Efficiency
04/2017

The main goal of this report is to map and explain the sources of finance and corresponding clean energy investment opportunities that are interacting in the EU's clean energy finance landscape. Suggestions on how to usefully incorporate such findings in existing macro-economic models are then provided.

Report

Case study – Energy Resilience and Vulnerability in the EU and Other Global Regions

Energy strategy, Renewable energy, Energy Efficiency
04/2017

This case study examines the resilience of the EU economy to energy supply shocks and provides comparisons with six other global regions. Trends in the EU and other global regions are reviewed for key indicators that measure aspects of resilience to energy supply shocks. The case study then proceeds to present the results of new econometric analysis of the degree of substitutability between energy and other production factors across EU sectors.

Report

Optimal use of biogas from waste streams. An assessment of the potential of biogas from digestion in the EU beyond 2020

Renewable energy
03/2017

This study assesses the potential role, cost and benefits of biogas, as well as the key barriers and drivers of biogas deployment in the EU until and beyond 2020.

Study

Study on Technical Assistance in Realisation of the 2016 Report on Renewable Energy, in preparation of the Renewable Energy Package for the Period 2020-2030 in the European Union

Renewable energy
03/2017

This study includes, inter alia, data collection and assessment of the progress in deployment of renewable energy sources at national and EU level, and an analysis of non-economic barriers and incentives for the deployment of renewables.

Study

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