The European Commission has proposed a binding 30% energy efficiency target for 2030, up from the current target of at least 27%.
The new target comes as part of a package of energy efficiency measures which include upgrading the current energy efficiency Directive, measures focussing on the energy efficiency of buildings, improving the energy performance of products and informing consumers, and a smart finance for buildings proposal.
Energy efficiency is key to Europe’s clean energy transition. The new 30% target will achieve a 23% cut in energy consumption compared to 2005 levels, helping the EU on its way to achieve the objectives contained in the Paris climate agreement.
The new Directive is also set to unlock the energy savings that can boost the EU economy, create jobs and lower energy bills for consumers. A 30% energy efficiency target can lead to an increase in GDP of around 0.4% - or €70 billion.
For buildings – a sector which accounts for 40% of Europe’s energy consumption – the Commission has approved an update to the energy performance of buildings Directive. The move aims to encourage the use of innovative and smart technologies to ensure that buildings operate efficiently; it removes some elements of the existing Directive that have not been delivered, and aims to boost renovation rates.
Some two-thirds of buildings were built before energy performance standards even existed, and renovation rates are only around 1%.
For products, the Commission adopted a new Ecodesign work plan which includes a list of new product groups and outlines how Ecodesign will contribute to objectives for a circular economy, specific measures on air conditioning units and guidelines for voluntary agreements.
EU ecodesign and energy labelling rules have helped Europe make energy savings the equivalent to the annual energy consumption of Italy, saving European households almost €500 per year on their energy bills.
For consumers, the new rules will help lower energy bills via changes in metering and billing, clearer and more frequent information on energy consumed. In multi apartment buildings, the measures could trigger energy savings equivalent to Croatia's primary energy consumption in 2013.
New rules on buildings will also have a downward effect on energy poverty by increasing the affordability of housing. Human health can also be improved with better buildings as modern heating installations emit fewer air pollutants and adequately heated homes reduce damp.
The new rules on energy efficiency are part of a package of measures launched by the European Commission on 30 November all designed to speed up the clean energy transition.
Energy Efficiency Directive
- Proposal for a revised energy efficiency Directive | Annex
- Evaluation of the EU Framework for Metering and Billing of Energy Consumption | Executive summary
- Evaluation of Articles 6 and 7 of the energy efficiency Directive | Executive summary
- Good practices in energy efficiency: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4
- Impact assessment of the revised energy efficiency Directive: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Executive summary
Energy efficiency of buildings
- Proposal for a revised energy performance of buildings Directive | Annex
- Evaluation of the energy performance of buildings Directive | Executive summary
- Impact assessment of the revised energy performance of buildings Directive | Executive summary
- Communication on an ecodesign working plan 2016-2019
- Regulation on ecodesign requirements for air heating and cooling products and chillers | Annexes 1-5
- Impact assessment on the regulation on ecodesign requirements for heating and cooling products and chillers | Executive summary
- Regulation on tolerances in verification procedures for all ecodesign measures | Annexes 1-25
- Regulation on tolerances in verification procedures for all energy labelling measures | Annexes 1-15
- Guidelines on ecodesign self-regulation measures for industry | Annex
- Decision for an ecodesign and energy labelling standardisation request for solid fuel boilers | Annexes 1-2
- Decision for an ecodesign and energy labelling standardisation request for local space heaters | Annex