Possible approach to define energy poverty: Inability to keep home adequately warm

As most European countries have no official definition for the term "energy poverty", this state is often described as the "inability to keep homes adequately warm". In France this approach has been officially adopted and therefore, the "Grenelle II" Act defines energy poverty as a situation in which a person has difficulty obtaining the necessary energy in their home to meet their basic needs because of inadequate resources or living conditions.

The inability to keep homes adequately warm is monitored by EU statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC) and refers to the percentage of persons from the total population who are in the state of enforced inability to keep their home adequately warm*. The following graph presents this indicator in the EU28 countries in 2014 and as shown, Bulgaria has the highest rates of people not able to keep their homes adequately warm, followed by Cyprus, Portugal and Greece. This is a remarkable fact, since those countries are considered to have a warm climate with mild winters. On the contrary, in colder Northern countries such as Sweden, Estonia, Denmark and Finland, the percentage of the population unable to have an adequately warm home is low compared to the EU average.

Topic term Energy poverty
Chart title:
Inability to keep home adequately warm
Chart type:
Column chart
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Chart EU level:
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Chart dataset:
Proportion of inhabitants unable to keep home adequately warm
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