Silvopastoralism, a form of agroforestry, combines crop and wood production with extensive livestock grazing systems. The practice is found across Europe but could still benefit from further knowledge exchange between farmers, forest owners and breeders. “There is a high innovation potential for these practices in mountainous grazing systems”, says Mehdi Bounab, project coordinator of Operational Group AGROSYL.
AGROSYL has set up seven pilot sites at five participating farms in the Ariège region in the French Pyrenees. In this area, climate extremes strongly affect forage production. “We explore how farmers can increase forage autonomy and animal welfare on the farm by integrating trees in their mountainous grazing pastures.”