What is it about?
While the responsibility for education and training systems lies with the Member States, the EU has a key role in supporting and supplementing efforts to improve and modernise their education systems.
In a globalised and knowledge-based economy, Europe requires a well-skilled workforce to ensure that it can compete in terms of productivity, quality, and innovation. Recent evidence, however, suggests that there is a growing mismatch of skills between the workforce and labour market, factors which contribute to unemployment and limit growth.
As such, priorities include:
- aligning skills with labour market in line with the goals of Europe 2020 Strategy
- aiming to bring down the number of early school-leavers to below 10%
- increasing the share of graduates from tertiary education to at least 40% by 2020
How does it work?
The EU carries out country analysis to support Member States in the development of their education and training policy. These respond to challenges that are identified at EU, national, and regional level, and aim to assess progress at national level and identify reforms, as well as investment needs.
In the context of the Europe 2020 Strategy for growth and jobs, a series of country-specific recommendations are issued in the first half of the year (the European Semester) to help Member States tackle the most urgent challenges.
In addition, each year the Education and Training Monitor assesses progress according to a set of benchmarks, designed to contribute to evidence-based policy making and identifying challenges.
What are the next steps?
To monitor the role of education and training, its progress and challenges for the forthcoming revision of the Europe 2020 strategy for growth and jobs.