The European Parliament and the Council adopted in 2006 the Recommendation on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning. It aimed to contribute to the development of quality, future-oriented education and training tailored to the needs of European society.
It provided a common European reference framework on key competences for policymakers, education and training providers, the social partners and learners themselves. Furthermore, it hoped to support other related policies such as employment and social policies and other policies affecting youth.
To further promote a shared understanding on the topics of digital and entrepreneurship competences, the Commission additionally developed two additional frameworks: the European Reference Framework for Entrepreneurship and the Framework for Developing and Understanding Digital Competence in Europe.
The 2006 Key Competences Recommendation has been broadly accepted by Member States and stakeholders. It has influenced national policy development in different education and training areas contributing towards competence-oriented teaching and learning across Member States. For more information on the use of the 2006 Key Competences Recommendation please look at:
Report on a literature review of reforms related to the 2006 European Framework of Key Competences for lifelong learning
Review of the 2006 Recommendation on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning
The aim of the review was to update the recommendation to ensure that it reflects political, social, economic, ecological and technological developments since 2006. In addition, the review looked at the experiences in competence-oriented education, training and learning as well as ways to further foster basic skills, key competences development and overall promote competence-oriented teaching and learning across Europe.
The consultation process on the Review of the Key Competences Recommendation started in June 2016, reaching its peak in June 2017 with the conference on the European Key Competences Framework for Lifelong Learning. For more information on the results of the Public consultation please look at the Report on the results of the public consultation.
Visit the dedicated consultation webpage with consultation contributions and reports.
2018 Recommendation on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning
The Commission adopted the proposal for a new Recommendation on Key Competences for Lifelong learning on 17 January 2018.