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Digital Education Action Plan - Action 9 Studies on icT in education

Monitoring progress and informing policy


  • The ESSIE2 study will measure progress in the use of digital technologies in school education
  • The questionnaire on ICT use, which accompanies the PISA survey will be updated in cooperation with the OECD.

The Commission is also analysing the relevance and feasibility of new benchmarks for digital and entrepreneurship competences, as a follow-up to the 2017 Communication on Strengthening European Identity through Education and Culture.

The goals of the ESSIE2 study are:

  • to assess progress made in mainstreaming ICT use in education and compare results with the previous edition of the study carried out in the 2011-2012 school year;
  • to provide estimates on how much it would cost to equip and connect all EU primary and secondary classrooms and give guidance on features of a ‘connected classroom’.

The PISA questionnaire on the use of ICT will be revised and updated.

A framework for the pedagogical use of ICT for learning will be developed, linking ICT usage to measureable cognitive outcomes.


  • Data collection on digitisation in education and training institutions and digital technologies in learning are crucial to inform policymaking.
  • Comparable and comprehensive data on the use of technology in educational systems and on monitoring progress in technology use is often scarce, partial or outdated.
  • More efficient, effective and coordinated data collection at EU level is needed.


The ESSIE2 study will be carried out by Ipsos MORI and Deloitte, on behalf of the European Commission. The survey results will allow European and national policy-makers to share practices and data on mainstreaming ICT in schools. It will provide data on new online phenomena that affect students such as fake news and other online risks. Primary, lower secondary, upper secondary and upper secondary vocational schools in 31 countries (EU28, Iceland, Norway and Turkey) will be surveyed. Interviews will be carried out with school leaders, class teachers, students and parents.

In 2000 the OECD included for the first time, a questionnaire with the PISA survey on students’ use of ICT. Since then the ICT questionnaire has been offered to countries as an optional component of the PISA assessment. The main goal of the action, which will be carried out by the OECD, is to update the ICT questionnaire with the support of international experts in the field.


  • For the ESSIE 2 study, a conference will take place in October 2018 where the results will be presented. The final report will be published by the end of 2018.
  • The updated PISA ICT questionnaire will be included in the PISA 2021 survey.