Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world. The country suffers numerous humanitarian needs due to its low development, limited access to basic social services, and environmental degradation. Chad’s vulnerable population is exposed to recurring crises in terms of food security, nutrition, and forced displacement. EU humanitarian aid provides, among others, life-saving nutritional treatment for undernourished children, as well as healthcare and protection for internally displaced people, refugees and host communities.
Chad faces complex and interlinked humanitarian crises: food and nutrition insecurity, forced displacement, natural hazards (such as floods), and epidemics. As a result, 5.5 million people in the country require humanitarian assistance, equivalent to around 33% of the population in 2021.
Results of the national nutrition survey show that 2.1% of children under the age of 5 suffer from severe acute malnutrition, the most serious form of undernourishment in children. In 2021, it is estimated that over 497,000 children (under 5) suffering from severe acute malnutrition will need nutritional assistance.
Chad registered its first coronavirus cases in March 2020. As of April 2021, the country has recorded more than 4,500 cases and 164 deaths in 18 provinces. At the same time, the measles epidemic, which started in May 2018, has continued to progress. In 2020, the country registered more than 8,750 suspected measles cases and 41 deaths. In 2021, there were 469 measles cases and 2 deaths as of 7 February.
Violence and conflict in neighbouring countries have resulted in an influx of refugees and asylum seekers into Chad. Due to the lack of resources and infrastructures, the capacity to support displaced people is limited. From November 2019 to October 2020, at least 167,000 more people have been forced to flee their villages to escape violence by armed groups in the Lake Chad region.
The European Union is one of the main humanitarian aid donors in Chad.
In 2021, the EU is providing €35.5 million in humanitarian aid to Chad to respond to the basic needs of internally displaced people, refugees, and host communities. This funding provides them with healthcare, nutrition, food, shelter, water, sanitation, education, and protection.
EU humanitarian funding aims at addressing the rising humanitarian needs triggered by conflict in the Lake Chad region and providing further aid in nutrition, healthcare and protection to communities in need.
We are also supporting risk reduction, so that people are less vulnerable to future crises. Following the recent floods in Chad, the EU also mobilised humanitarian funding to provide emergency relief to vulnerable people in the affected communities.
EU humanitarian funding supports the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) in Chad. This service helps aid organisations reach refugees and internally displaced people located in remote or hard-to-reach areas.
In addition, the European Commission is providing €100 million in humanitarian assistance to support the rollout of vaccination campaigns in countries in Africa with critical humanitarian needs and fragile health systems. €10 million out of this funding will be supporting vaccination campaigns for the most vulnerable in West and Central Africa.