Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world. A critical food and nutrition situation, and forced displacement, from outside Chad and from within the country itself, give rise to numerous humanitarian needs in Chad. EU humanitarian aid provides food assistance, life-saving nutritional treatment for undernourished children, as well as basic services such as healthcare and protection for internally displaced people, refugees, and host communities.
Chad faces complex and interlinked humanitarian crises: food and nutrition insecurity, forced displacement, natural disasters (such as drought), and epidemics. As a result, 4.3 million people in Chad are in need of humanitarian assistance, equivalent to 27% of the population.
An estimated 3.9 million people in Chad are struggling to obtain enough food, of whom roughly 640,000 are in need of life-saving food support during the season between harvests, when food reserves are depleted. Results of the national nutrition survey show that 4% of children under the age of 5 suffer from severe acute malnutrition, the most serious form of undernourishment in children. The health situation is critical for 2.1 million people who have no access to basic health services.
Due to recent heavy rains, numerous floods were reported in several towns and villages. More than 30,000 households have been affected. The measles epidemic, declared on 30 May 2018, has continued to spread, with cases registered in 119 out of 126 districts.
Violence and conflict in neighbouring countries have led to an influx of refugees and asylum-seekers (468,000 from the Central African Republic, Sudan, and Nigeria). However, as one of the poorest countries in the world, Chad's capacity to provide assistance is rather limited. Since the beginning of the year, at least 40,000 additional people have been forced to flee their villages to avoid violence by armed groups.
The European Union is one of the main humanitarian aid donors in Chad. Since 2013, the EU has provided €353.6 million to support vulnerable people in Chad affected by the various humanitarian crises.
In 2019, the EU has provided €31.5 million in humanitarian aid to Chad in respond to the basic needs of internally displaced people, refugees, and host communities, such as shelter, food, healthcare, water, sanitation, education, and protection. On top of this funding, Chad is also one of the beneficiary countries from a new aid package of €35 million for the Sahel region that the EU released in November 2019. This funding aims to address rising humanitarian needs triggered by conflicts in the Lake Chad region and to provide further aid in nutrition, healthcare and protection to communities in need.
The EU and its humanitarian partners also support agricultural activities in eastern and southern Chad to promote refugees’ self-reliance and livelihoods. In addition, projects are in place to ease the integration of Chadian returnees, and Central African and Sudanese refugees into local communities.
EU humanitarian funding also supports the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS), which helps aid organisations reach refugees and internally displaced people located in remote or hard-to-reach areas.