Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world. Low development, limited access to basic social services – such as health and education - and environmental degradation, give rise to numerous humanitarian needs. All these factors expose an already vulnerable population to recurring crises in terms of food security, nutrition, and forced displacement. Through its humanitarian aid, the European Union provides, among others, life-saving nutritional treatment for undernourished children, as well as healthcare and protection for internally displaced people, refugees, and host communities.
Chad faces complex and interlinked humanitarian crises: food and nutrition insecurity, forced displacement, natural hazards (such as floods), and epidemics. As a result, 6.4 million people in the country require humanitarian assistance, equivalent to around 40% of the population in 2020. An estimated 4.6 million people are struggling to obtain enough food, of whom roughly 1.8 million require life-saving food support during the season between harvests, when food reserves are depleted.
Results of the national nutrition survey show that 2.9% of children under the age of 5 suffer from severe acute malnutrition, the most serious form of undernourishment in children. In 2019, more than 368,500 severely malnourished children were admitted for treatment, an increase of 38% compared to the same period in 2018 and a rise of 73% compared to 2017.
Chad registered the first coronavirus cases in March. At the same time, the measles epidemic, which started on 30 May 2018, has continued to progress. In 2019, the country registered more than 26,620 suspected measles cases and 259 deaths. In 2020, there were 8,520 cases and nearly 40 deaths as of 13 September.
Violence and conflict in neighbouring countries have resulted in an influx of refugees and asylum seekers into Chad. Due to the lack of resources and infrastructures, the capacity to support displaced people is limited. Since the start of the year, at least 97,000 more people have been forced to flee their villages to escape violence by armed groups in the Lake Chad region.
The European Union is one of the main humanitarian aid donors in Chad. Since 2013, the EU has provided €379.9 million to support vulnerable people in Chad affected by the various humanitarian crises.
In 2020, the EU has provided €30.6 million in humanitarian aid to Chad to respond to the basic needs of internally displaced people, refugees, and host communities, by providing them with shelter, food, healthcare, water, sanitation, education, and protection. This funding aims at addressing the rising humanitarian needs triggered by conflict in the Lake Chad region and providing further aid in nutrition, healthcare and protection to communities in need.
The European Union also supports disaster risk reduction, so that people are less vulnerable to future crises. Following the recent floods in Chad, the EU also mobilised humanitarian funding to provide emergency relief to vulnerable people in the affected communities.
Through its humanitarian partners, the EU supports agricultural activities in eastern and southern Chad to promote refugees’ self-reliance and livelihoods. In addition, projects are in place to ease the integration of Chadian returnees, and Central African and Sudanese refugees into local communities.
EU humanitarian funding supports the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) in Chad. This service helps aid organisations reach refugees and internally displaced people located in remote or hard-to-reach areas.