Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world. On top of a critical food and nutrition situation, violence in neighbouring countries forced thousands of people to flee to Chad, while internal forced displacement continues in the country itself, in the Lake Chad region. EU humanitarian aid provides food assistance, life-saving nutrition treatment for undernourished children, and protection to internally displaced people, refugees, and host communities.
Chad faces numerous challenges: food and nutrition shortages, forced displacement, climate change (especially drought), epidemics (measles, malaria and cholera), and chronic poverty. The result of this is that 4.1 million people in Chad need humanitarian assistance.
There are 3.7 million people in Chad who suffer from critical food shortages and malnutrition, especially in the part of Chad that forms part of the Sahel region. A combination of factors account for this: a lack of food, dependence on a method of agriculture or livestock farming that does not give the maximum yields possible, climatic variability, basic food prices in markets and poor health conditions. Preliminary results of the national nutrition survey show that 4 percent of children under five years of age suffer from serious acute malnutrition, the most serious form of undernourishment. In twelve out of the twenty-three regions in Chad, more than 15 percent of the children under five suffer from acute malnutrition.
Violence and conflict in Chad's neighboring countries (the Central African Republic, Nigeria, and Sudan) have led to a massive influx of refugees and asylum-seekers (up to 459 800 in January 2019). However, as one of the poorest countries in the world, Chad's capacity to provide assistance to them is rather limited. In 2018, more than 20 000 new Central African refugees crossed the border into Chad as violence escalated in the Central African Republic. In January 2019, 4 500 Nigerian fleeing attacks from armed groups sought refuge in the Lake Chad basin.
The European Union is one of the main donors for humanitarian aid in Chad. Since 2013, the EU has provided €321.5 million to support vulnerable people affected by the various humanitarian crises.
In 2018 alone, the EU gave €66.7 million in humanitarian aid in Chad, focusing on providing assistance and covering the basic needs of internally displaced people, refugees and host communities, such as shelter, food, healthcare, water and protection.
The EU and its humanitarian partners set up agricultural activities in eastern and southern Chad to promote refugees’ self-reliance and self-sufficiency. Projects are also in place to ease the integration of Chadian returnees, and Central African and Sudanese refugees into local communities.
In 2018, the EU provided funding for the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) which helps aid organisations to reach by air refugees and internally displaced people located in remote or hard-to-access areas.