In urgent and exceptional circumstances, such as the sudden influx of refugees in Europe, the European Commission can fund emergency humanitarian support for people in need within the EU territory.
Emergency humanitarian assistance can be delivered, in close coordination with EU Member States, to the most vulnerable victims of disasters via projects carried out on the ground by the Commission's humanitarian partner organisations. These organisations are UN agencies, international organisations, Member State specialised services or NGOs that have signed an agreement with the Commission. Where necessary, the Commission can also directly fund assistance, relief and protection operations.
Food, shelter, water, medicine and protection measures are some of the types of humanitarian assistance which can be directed to affected populations. The European Commission, with its partners and Member States, carries out humanitarian needs assessments on the ground to ensure the aid delivery of partners is targeted and effective.
This type of support is intended only for exceptional disasters with severe humanitarian consequences taking place in the European Union. Therefore, the provision of such assistance is decided collectively by Member States within the Council. Other financial instruments or tools also exist to respond to disasters within the EU, such as EU civil protection.
All emergency support operations within the EU are carried out in accordance with the international humanitarian principles.
Emergency support in Greece
Emergency support inside Europe can be provided in response to exceptional disasters that result in severe and wide-ranging humanitarian consequences in one or more EU Member State. One example is Greece, where nearly 857 000 refugees and migrants arrived in 2015 alone. According to UNHCR, over 45 000 refugees and migrants still remain in the country as of March 2018.
To respond to this unprecedented situation, the Commission released up to €650 million for the period from 2016 to 2019 to fund emergency support operations addressing the needs of refugees in Greece.
This support is complementary to what is being provided by the national authorities.
To respond to the refugee crisis, the Commission has also funded humanitarian operations in the Western Balkans and delivered in-kind assistance via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.