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European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

Factsheets

The factsheets produced by the European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations department provide overviews on specific themes or geographical areas.

All factsheets listed below are updated regularly, with their latest revision date indicated on each page.

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Factsheets (89)

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The humanitarian situation in Afghanistan is considered one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises.

The political conflict in Western Sahara, unresolved for over 4 decades, has left thousands of Sahrawi refugees stranded.

The 6-week long hostilities in and around Nagorno-Karabakh have resulted in thousands of casualties, including civilian deaths and injuries. The fighting pushed hundreds of thousands to flee their homes for safety. Today, some remain displaced.

Bangladesh continues to be a haven for over 919,000 Rohingya refugees.

According to the UN, up to 2,300 refugees and migrants are currently present in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Around 2,000 of them are accommodated in EU-funded reception centres located in Sarajevo and Una Sana Cantons.

The humanitarian situation is deteriorating quickly and severely in Burkina Faso, a fragile country that is among the 10 poorest in the world.

Almost 300,000 Burundian refugees remain displaced in neighbouring countries, with most of them having fled Burundi after contested elections and violence in 2015.

Cameroon is affected by 3 simultaneous and complex humanitarian crises: (i) in the country’s Far North (close to Lake Chad and Nigeria), (ii) in the Northwest and Southwest regions (where armed groups are fighting the government), and (iii) in the neighbouring Central African Republic.

Capacity building strengthens the ability of the humanitarian sector to provide aid effectively.

Located in the “hurricane belt” and surrounded by several tectonic plates, the Caribbean region is regularly battered by disasters. Along with annual hurricanes, the Caribbean is also prone to droughts, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, floods, landslides, mudslides, earthquakes, and recurrent epidemics

The cash transfers are assistance in the form of money - either physical currency or e-cash.

Since the December 2020 presidential elections, the Central African Republic (CAR) is torn by violence opposing armed groups against government forces.

Central America and Mexico are regularly exposed to natural hazards requiring emergency aid for around 1.7 million people per year.

Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, the 5 republics that make up Central Asia, are particularly exposed to natural hazards such as landslides, avalanches, floods, earthquakes, droughts and melting glaciers.

Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, marked by low development, very limited availability of basic social services, and exposure to climate and environmental hazards.

Climate change affects millions of people worldwide, deteriorates the humanitarian situation and multiplies the needs of vulnerable communities.

The Government of Colombia signed a peace agreement with the country’s largest guerrilla group, the FARC, in 2016. However, several other armed groups remain active across the country, and civilians continue to suffer the humanitarian consequences of the ongoing violence.

Between conflict, poverty, malnutrition and frequent disease outbreaks, humanitarian needs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are among the highest in the world.

Since 2019, Eastern Africa has seen an upsurge of desert locusts, spreading across several countries at rates not seen in decades.

Digital technologies are a key enabler in delivering effective and timely humanitarian aid; they allow aid organisations to improve collaboration and...