The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 is a global agreement to reduce and prevent disaster risks across the globe. It aims to strengthen social and economic resilience to ease the negative effects of climate change, man-made disasters, and natural hazards. The EU played a key role in the negotiations of the agreement and supports EU Member States and non-EU countries in achieving the seven Sendai targets. In June 2016, the European Commission published an action plan to translate the Sendai priorities into EU policies and funding instruments.
Over the past decade, the frequency and intensity of natural hazards that turn into disasters have increased significantly. Millions of people worldwide are affected each year. They are exposed to a variety of natural and man-made hazards and vulnerable to their negative effects. The result is the loss of lives and livelihoods, the destruction of infrastructure and the environment, as well as the reduction of economic activity and development with substantial economic losses.
There is a clear link between risk reduction, poverty, and development. Disasters restrict development and progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Conversely, disasters also result from failures of development that increase communities’ vulnerability to hazards. Hence, reducing disaster risks means addressing both sides of the same coin.
For this reason, the Sendai Framework was created to complement other international agreements and processes: the Sustainable Development Goals, the Paris climate agreement, the World Humanitarian Summit commitments to action, and the New Urban Agenda. Together they address the global challenges of poverty, climate and environmental degradation, prosperity, and peace and justice.
The EU's contribution to the Sendai Framework
The EU played a key role in the negotiations of the Sendai Framework. The European Commission adopted the Communication Post 2015 Hyogo Framework for Action: Managing risks to achieve resilience (COM(2014)215), followed by EU Member States Council Conclusions outlining the EU position. In June 2016, the European Commission published an action plan that aims to guide the implementation of the Sendai Framework in EU policies. The plan covers a five-year period and provides for a more systematic disaster-risk-informed approach in EU policy making. Through society-wide engagement, it proposes concrete activities on risk knowledge, risk investments, disaster preparedness, and resilience.