European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

Service tools

Hungary

Overview of the National Disaster Management System

© National Directorate General for Disaster Management of the Ministry of Interior
Overview of the National Disaster Management System

The National Directorate General for Disaster Management of the Ministry of Interior is a national law enforcement agency. Its main task is the official prevention of disasters; execution of rescue in civil emergencies; the organisation and management of disaster management; eliminating the consequences; implementation of restoration reconstruction. The Directorate General is responsible for fire protection and civil protection and can draw from a large asset pool to serve this purpose.

The Directorate General is responsible for civil emergency planning and defense management. It regulates and manages the fire service system, technical rescue, protection, and public information.

The Directorate General maintains extensive international relations based on bilateral agreements. Additionally, it maintains regional training bases, and systems related to telecommunication, IT, and detection. The Directorate General collaborates with law enforcement agencies, the defense forces, and local governments. Finally, it liaises with civil and charitable organisations, educational and scientific institutions, and the media.

Prevention

Overview

The Directorate General contributes to the national planning of disaster response, and co-chairs the National Fire Prevention Committee. It also outlines the disaster management tasks to be performed at the time of the disaster and in the event of an emergency, prepares a central emergency plan to be approved by the Minister. It also exercises professional control over the preparation of regional (capital), settlement (district capital) and workplace emergency plans, and maintaining up-to-date records and emergency plans. The Directorate General develops a professional framework for classifying real-life community-based disaster management, and monitors the provision of a sufficient level of protection as defined by law through regional bodies.

Risk assessment

Emergency management planning for natural and man-made disasters analyses and interprets the risks. The planning allows for the appropriate assignment of personnel and resources. Resulting from the risk assessment procedure for a given settlement, each settlement is classified into disaster management departments. The mayor of the settlement, with the help of the local disaster management body, carries out the risk assessment by 30 September each year. In the identification of risks, all known effects are taken into account in the given area, taking into account local characteristics. After risk identification, the assessment should identify the consequences of certain threatening effects in the area of the settlement and the likelihood of occurrence, taking into account the combined effects of each hazard.

Risk management planning

NDGDM Defense Management Department within Civil Emergency Planning develops a professional framework for classifying settlements based on real risks into disaster management. It provides the professional support necessary to carry out risk identification and assessment through the regional bodies.

It provides professional support for the preparation of emergency plans at all stages of planning to ensure adequate protection of settlements. The department monitors the preparation of municipal and territorial emergency plans, and ensures the adequate level of protection specified in the legislation. Additionally, it prepares and keeps an up-to-date central emergency plan.

The department collects and processes information on emergency management, compiles reports, prepares proposals for decision-making, and informs organisations involved in disaster management. It carries out preventive and civil protection tasks, and lays down professional requirements for the implementation of civil protection tasks.

Preparedness

Training and exercises

The Director-General, acting under his authority in the field of disaster management, will determine the topics for the training and further training of professional staff and the activities of scientific researchers and approve the content of the training. The Inspectorate General for Fire and Civil Protection is responsible for the planning and organisation of the training of the county fire and civil defense chief inspectors and the affected personnel. They prepare guidelines for the annual preparation plan of the personnel involved in firefighting and technical rescue, in consultation with the departments of the NDGDM, planning and organising rescue and disaster management practices in consultation with the relevant area of the Inspectorate General for Civil Protection, taking into account current issues; in the preparation, conduct and evaluation of practices. It contributes to and helps in the development, adaptation and utilisation of modern fire and rescue tactical principles.

Early warning systems

The National Directorate General for Disaster Management Hazardous Plants Department within the nuclear emergency response area performs the tasks of the National Center for Nuclear Emergency Early Warning and International Radiological Monitoring Data Exchange System. It also plans, organises and coordinates the operation of the national RODOS Center, and manages data exchange at a national and international level. It analyses and evaluates the available data, and international radiological measurement data and results.

The department provides data and information to the public on normal and extraordinary periodical information on the national and international background situation, carries out an assessment of the national broadcasting situation, and arrange for an emergency preparedness service for industrial purposes. It provides data and information for national nuclear safety and radiation protection assessment and decision-making.

The department contributes to the work of the Committees on Nuclear Safety and Nuclear Emergency and participates in national and international nuclear emergency exercises, in-service training, and conferences.
It is responsible for nuclear accident prevention and manages the tasks of the regional authorities of disaster management in the authorisation of radiological activities.

Emergency Response

The National Directorate General for Disaster Management coordinates the activities of other authorities to prevent emergencies. The National Directorate participates in civil emergency management, planning, defense management, mobilisation of national economy, and state reserve management.

It provides information related to events by operating a duty and operation control system, and activates the forces and assets needed for liquidation. The National Directorate carries out firefighting, technical rescue, protection, information, and alerting local authorities.

Cross-border, European and international cooperation

The National Directorate-General for Disaster Management of the Ministry of Interior (NDGDM) has an extensive, international system of professional relations that can serve the internal and external interests of disaster management. An important element of international disaster management is the provision of information to foreign partners about the National Directorate’s results, the presentation of the organisation's tasks, its development, institutional development, and assistance to the development of disaster management systems in the different phases of the EU association.

The main areas of international relations of the NDGDM are bilateral relations, regional relations, European Union system, UN, NATO, and international disaster management.

Last updated
08/10/2019