The European Commission has announced a €106 million humanitarian and development support package to directly assist people in Sudan affected by forced displacement, undernutrition, disease outbreaks and recurrent extreme climatic conditions. Currently, there are an estimated 4.8 million people in Sudan who need urgent assistance. The announcement comes as Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides visits EU humanitarian aid projects in Sudan.
"Here in Sudan the humanitarian situation continues to be critical. Millions have been displaced for many years in Darfur. Our new EU funding is crucial to respond to the needs of the increasing numbers of refugees, notably from South Sudan, and internally displaced people, as well as of the hosting communities. The humanitarian aid I am announcing today of €46 million will help bring life-saving relief to the most vulnerable populations. Full humanitarian access throughout the country is crucial so that humanitarian workers can deliver aid safely to those in need," said Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides.
"The European Union is committed to directly support the people of Sudan. Our new €60 million package of development aid will boost our ongoing efforts through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. It addresses the needs of the most vulnerable Sudanese communities and offer livelihood opportunities, by better linking the EU's humanitarian and development work in Sudan," said Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, Neven Mimica.
All EU assistance in Sudan is provided to humanitarian and development organisations with no funding going through the government.
- €46 million of the support package will respond to pressing humanitarian needs in food assistance, nutrition, health, protection, shelter, education, water and sanitation. Of the aforementioned amount, €13 million is part of a tranche of emergency assistance announced earlier this year.
- €60 million of development funds will be channelled through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, to support displaced persons, migrants and host communities. These funds will be used to implement pilot projects within a larger humanitarian-development framework. The projects will focus on delivering basic services such as food, water, sanitation and education in the Abyei locality, tackling under-nutrition in eastern Sudan and addressing forced displacement in urban settings in Darfur.
Since 2011, the EU has mobilised €422 million in humanitarian assistance to people affected by conflict, natural disasters, outbreaks, food insecurity and undernutrition in Sudan.
Sudan currently hosts the second largest number of internally displaced people (3.3 million) and the third largest number of refugees in Africa (more than 965 000).
Thirteen years since the start of the Darfur crisis, 2.7 million people continue to be uprooted in this region alone, while conflict also affects South Kordofan and Blue Nile. The number of refugees has been steadily increasing over the last years as well, in particular since the South Sudanese conflict started in 2013. More than 180 000 South Sudanese have sought refuge in Sudan since the beginning of 2017 alone, the large majority of them being children.
In addition, acute undernutrition rates in Sudan are among the highest in Africa: 1 in 6 children suffer from acute undernutrition, 1 in 20 from its most severe form which is likely to cause death unless treated. In 2017, 3.4 million people are facing severe food insecurity. In recent months, considerable new humanitarian needs have emerged, linked to, amongst others, a mass influx of South Sudanese refugees and high undernutrition in newly accessible areas of Jebel Marra, Darfur.