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Rohingya Crisis: EU releases €24 million for Bangladesh

Press releases - Fri, 15/02/2019 - 12:16
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 15 February 2019 The European Commission has released an additional €24 million in humanitarian aid for vulnerable Rohingya refugees and host communities living in Cox's Bazar district, in Bangladesh. Part of the funding will also cover disaster preparedness initiatives in the country.

Kashmir/India - Suicide attack

ERC-Flash-International - Fri, 15/02/2019 - 00:00
  • On 14 February a suicide bomber rammed his SUV packed with explosives into a Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) bus on the Srinagar-Jammu highway in Pulwama district of Kashmir, killing at least 42 troopers. 36 other security personnel are battling for their lives in hospital. The attack is being termed as the worst since militancy erupted in 1989.
  • The Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) claimed responsibility for the attack.
  • A 12-member team of India's National Investigation Agency (NIA) will reach Pulwama to assist the Jammu and Kashmir Police in forensic evaluation of the spot.
Categories: International

South Sudan - Forced displacement in Central Equatoria

ERC-Flash-International - Fri, 15/02/2019 - 00:00
  • There are reports that thousands have been forcibly displaced over the past three weeks in areas surrounding Yei Town in Central Equatoria, along the borders with Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo DRC) following scorching and destruction of villages, murder, violence and destruction of livelihoods.
  • The fighting has resulted in a surge in arrivals from South Sudan in the DRC. UNHCR estimates that 5 000 refugees have arrived in border villages near Ingbokolo, in the Ituri province. Large numbers of internally displaced (IDPs) have taken refuge in Yei Town where authorities report the registration of 6 000, with a further 8 000 around Yei. Contingency planning estimates put the possible number of arrivals in Yei up to 20 000. Humanitarian actors have provided food and non-food items but this is inadequate given the current and expected numbers.
  • Humanitarian access outside Yei is severely limited due to ongoing fighting and constraints imposed by the belligerents. The international community is calling on parties to the conflict to ensure free civilian movement and humanitarian access.
Categories: International

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) - Measles outbreak

ERC-Flash-International - Fri, 15/02/2019 - 00:00
  • Since the beginning of the year, 16 246 cases of measles have been reported in the DRC. However, many deaths occur in communities and go unreported.
  • 23 provinces are affected. The highest number of cases occur in Haut Lomami, Lualaba and Thsopo. In Kasai and Tanganyika, the outbreak comes on top of an extremely precarious humanitarian situation and high malnutrition rates. The mortality rate during a measles outbreak can reach up to 20% among malnourished children.
  • A vaccination campaign is planned for March 2019. Over two million doses of vaccine are available. In the meantime, measles treatment at healthcare centres is urgently needed to cope with the excessive mortality rate amongst children.
  • The number of measles cases in DRC is growing since 2016. Over 67 000 cases of measles were reported in 2018, with a significant increase during the last six months of the year.
  • The DRC currently faces simultaneously several outbreaks, including Ebola, cholera, monkey-pox, yellow fever and poliomyelitis.
Categories: International

Democratic Republic of Congo - Factsheet

ERC-Flash-Factsheets - Fri, 15/02/2019 - 00:00
  • Comparable in size to western Europe, the DRC is one of the world's poorest countries, with nearly 13 million people who are in need of humanitarian assistance.
  • The country continues to see an increase in violence, mass displacement, malnutrition and fatal epidemics. The ongoing Ebola outbreak is not yet under control and has become the second largest outbreak in history.
  • In 2018 alone, EU humanitarian aid in the DRC amounted to over EUR 80 million. The priority for 2019 is to provide protection and life-saving assistance to victims of violence and displaced people.

https://ec.europa.eu/echo/where/africa/congo_en

Categories: Factsheets

Impact of the DRC Ebola outbreak in neighbouring countries

ERC-Flash-International - Thu, 14/02/2019 - 00:00
  • The DRC Ebola outbreak is ongoing in a border area with high cross-border population flow with Uganda and Rwanda making it of particular concern.
  • According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), a "very high risk" remains that the Ebola virus spreads further in the DRC but also into neighbouring countries, in particular Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan.
  • The setting up and strengthening of readiness and preparedness planning and actions is ongoing at regional level with the help of WHO. For this, USD 68.7 million are required with a current funding gap of USD 27.5 million.
Categories: International

Cameroon - Forced displacement in the Northwest and Southwest regions

ERC-Flash-International - Thu, 14/02/2019 - 00:00
  • The emergency situation in the English-speaking regions in the Northwest and Southwest of Cameroon continues. According to the first Displacement Tracking Matrix Round that the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) has completed, there are over 444 000 internally displaced persons due to the violence in this area. In addition, over 32 600 Cameroonians have fled to Nigeria and been registered as refugees by UNHCR.
  • Since the beginning of February, the crisis has deteriorated further. On 12 February, the Regional Hospital of Kumba, in the Southwest, was attacked, leading to the death of four patients. A lockdown remains in force in the main towns of these regions, with an increase in security incidents that reduce the already limited access to the affected population. The main needs of the displaced population include shelter and non-food items, food assistance, protection and access to health and education. 
Categories: International

Vanuatu, New Caledonia - Tropical cyclone OMA update

ERC-Flash-International - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 09:03
  • Tropical Cyclone OMA continued east over the northern Coral Sea toward northern Vanuatu. On 13 February at 0:00 UTC, its centre was located approximately 60 km north-west of Espiritu Santo Island (Sanma Province, northern Vanuatu) and  435 km north-west of Port Vila (southern Vanuatu), with maximum sustained winds of 83 km/h (tropical storm).
  • Over the next 24 hours, it is forecast to strengthen slightly as it continue south-east, before making landfall over north-west Espiritu Santo Island in the afternoon of 13 February with maximum sustained winds of 93 km/h (tropical storm). It may pass over southern Espiritu Santo and Malakula Islands on 14-15 February with a similar projected wind speed. 
  • Heavy rainfall, strong winds and storm surge are forecast over northern and central islands of Vanuatu.
  • As of 13 February, a Red Alert is in effect for Torba, Sanma, Penma and Malampa Provinces and a Yellow alert for Shefa Province and the capital Port Vila.
Categories: International

Yemen - Conflict and displacements

ERC-Flash-International - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 00:00
  • Since June 2018, around 25 000 families (over 150 000 people) have been displaced to and within Hajjah Governorate. Most live in the 309 settlements scattered across the Abs district. DG ECHO supported Camp Coordination and Camp Management programmes support a number of these sites. Newly displaced families are assisted by DG ECHO supported Rapid Response Mechanism with emergency food, water and non-food items.
  • At the end of January, an inter-agency mission ro Damt district, Al Dhale governorate identified critical water and sanitation needs among 95 000 people, including 6 000 internally dispalced. Almost half are categorised as IPC 4 (Emergency status, Integrated Food Security Phase Classification). Water supply and sewage systems have collapsed, posing additional health risks. Since October 2018, international organisations have been unable to provide healthcare.
  • The Stockholm Agreement's redeployment plan for Hodeidah is still under discussion. There is still no access to the Red Sea Mills grain silos and its critical grain store, and the main road linking Hodeidah port to Sana'a is still blocked.
Categories: International

South Sudan - Spontaneous returns of refugees from Ethiopia

ERC-Flash-International - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 00:00

  • Up to 20 000 South Sudanese refugees have reportedly returned to former Upper Nile State since mid-September 2018. The conditions and recent security incidents in the Ethiopian refugee camps, as well as insufficient access to food, land and income-generating activities are cited as the main reasons for these  returns.
  • A heavy presence of armed groups is reported in the area of return/transit and ongoing recruitment of child soldiers is reported. Women and girls are at high risk of sexual and gender based violence, including rape and early/forced marriage due to the poor economic and education opportunities in areas of return and transit.
  • More returns are possible given remaining tensions in Ethiopia, a cautious optimism with the peace agreement and preparation for the rainy season. These new arrivals compound a dire and deteriorating humanitarian situation in South Sudan, putting pressure on limited services and resources and causing potentially localised conflict.

Categories: International

Greece – End of activation of the Emergency Support Instrument

ERC-Flash-Europe - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 00:00
  • Humanitarian operations implemented under the Emergency Support Instrument (ESI) will cease on 15 March 2019. The ESI was activated by the European Council on 16 March 2016 for three years to provide emergency support in response to the refugee and migration crisis within the EU. 
  • Partners provided emergency support to asylum seekers, refugees and migrants, in coordination with the Greek authorities. The European Commission allocated a total of EUR 643.6 million to partners in Greece including UN agencies, the Red Cross/Crescent movement and NGOs. 
  • The 'Emergency Support to Integration & Accommodation' (ESTIA) programme helped refugees and their families rent urban accommodation and benefit from cash assistance. The ESI also addressed humanitarian needs in temporary and permanent sites, providing shelter, primary health care, protection, improved water and hygiene conditions, formal and non-formal education.
  • The main activities funded by the ESI, including ESTIA, have been taken over by the Asylum Migration Integration Fund managed by DG HOME.
  • In March 2019, the European Commission will present a report to the European Council on the Emergency Support Regulation with recommendations for its future.

Bosnia and Herzegovina –Assistance to refugees, asylum seekers and migrants

ERC-Flash-Europe - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 00:00
  • Over 25 530 detected refugees, asylum seekers and migrants have passed through Bosnia and Herzegovina since the beginning of January 2018. An estimated 5 400 are still in-country with over 4 700 assisted by international organisations, mostly in Una-Sana Canton, the north-western part of the country.
  • The European Commission's partners continue providing health, protection, winterised shelter, water and sanitation, food and non-food items in centres of Bira, Borici, Sedra and Miral in the Una-Sana Canton and in Usivak near Sarajevo.
  • Following the increase of security-related incidents and tensions inside the sites mainly due to overcrowding, poor quality services and lack of safety, humanitarian partner organisations will start to relocate vulnerable groups to safer locations.

Vanuatu, New Caledonia - Tropical Cyclone FIFTEEN

ERC-Flash-International - Tue, 12/02/2019 - 09:00
  • A new Tropical Cyclone named FIFTEEN formed on 12 February over the northern Coral Sea, west of Vanuatu and south of Solomon Islands and started moving eastward offshore.
  • Over the next 24 hours, it is forecast to continue moving eastward over the sea, slightly strengthening, with maximum sustained winds up to 83 km/h (Tropical Storm). On the forecast track, FIFTEEN could pass close to the western coast of Espiritu Santo Island on 14 February in the morning (UTC) as a Tropical Storm.
  • Over the next 48 hours, heavy rainfalls, strong winds and storm surge are forecast over northern and central islands of Vanuatu.
  • As of 12 February, a Severe Weather Warning for heavy rainfalls and strong winds over northern and central islands has been issued by the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department.
Categories: International

West Africa – Lassa fever outbreak

ERC-Flash-International - Tue, 12/02/2019 - 00:00
  • Following the declaration by the Nigerian Center for Disease Control of a Lassa fever outbreak on 22 January, WHO declared a level two emergency on 4 February.
  • Though Lassa fever is endemic in the West Africa region, there has been a sharp increase in the number of cases this year. In four weeks, the number of cases has already reached two thirds of the total cases reported last year. 
  • Nigeria is the most affected country, reporting 275 confirmed cases with 57 deaths. Four other countries (Benin, Guinea, Liberia and Togo) report 12 confirmed cases, including two deaths. More suspected cases are under investigation. 
  • Six countries at risk (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Mali, Niger and Sierra Leone) have started prevention and preparedness measures.
Categories: International

Haiti - Social unrest

ERC-Flash-International - Mon, 11/02/2019 - 00:00
  • Protests against the economic situation in the country continued for the fourth consecutive day in response to inflation, a steady increase in prices on food and other goods and fuel shortages, that have left citizens struggling.
  • The protests have been often violent with occasional looting reported in Port au Prince and in other major cities, paralysing activities in these cities.
  • Further demonstrations are expected in the coming days.
Categories: International

Rodrigues Island - Tropical cyclone GELENA

ERC-Flash-International - Sun, 10/02/2019 - 00:00
  • Tropical Cyclone GELENA, active over the Mauritian archipelago, hit the island of Rodrigues during the night of 10 February with gusts up to 160km/h, according to media reports.
  • 90% of the 40 000 inhabitants were left without electricity, and 142 people have been evacuated to refuge centres. The main damage reported is due to fallen trees, with blocked roads and broken electricity cables and phone lines.
  • The official cyclone warning has been lifted and only a high wave warning for Rodrigues remains valid over Sunday.
Categories: International

Cuba - Storm and Tornado

ERC-Flash-International - Sat, 09/02/2019 - 00:00
  • Five municipalities of La Habana have been affected by the tornado that hit Cuba on 27 January with winds gusts of 300 kilometres per hour.
  • 6 people lost their lives. Severe damages have been registered on 5 334 homes with 9 916 people sheltered in 16 protection centres, as well as on 19 health facilities, 78 education centres, the food industry and water and sanitation network.
  • Humanitarian needs have been identified by UN in the sectors of shelter – housing, WASH, food security, health and education.
  • DG ECHO has deployed a field expert to assess the humanitarian needs and response.
    Categories: International

    Haiti - Economic State of Emergency

    ERC-Flash-International - Sat, 09/02/2019 - 00:00
    • The economic situation in Haiti continues to deteriorate. The devaluation of the national currency in relation to the US Dollar (26% in the last 12 months) is accelerating, impacting heavily on prices of imported goods. The inflation index has reached 15% in the last 12 months according to the last price index study. In this situation, and with a budget deficit of approximately US 120 M Dollars in the first trimester of the current fiscal year, the Haitian government has declared on 5 February the Economic State of Emergency. 
    • The impact on the Haitian households is severe and the population is struggling to cope with the cost of food and other basic supplies. The projections regarding the food security situation of the population in 2019 are worse than in 2018.
    Categories: International

    Mauritius/Rodrigues Islands - Tropical cyclone GELENA update

    ERC-Flash-International - Sat, 09/02/2019 - 00:00
    • Tropical cyclone GELENA continued moving south-southeast over the Indian Ocean, strengthening. As of 9 February, at 9.00 UTC, its centre was located at the east of Mauritius Island as Category 4 tropical cyclone (with winds up to 241 km/h).
    • In the next 24 h, GELENA is expected to make landfall in Rodrigues Island as a very intense cyclone, causing moderate rainfall, thunderstorms and strong winds.
    Categories: International

    Crise au Venezuela: l'UE mobilise une aide humanitaire supplémentaire

    Communiqués de presse - Fri, 08/02/2019 - 10:27
    Commission européenne - Communiqué de presse Bruxelles, le 5 février 2019 L'UE va fournir une aide humanitaire supplémentaire pour aider le peuple vénézuélien Alors que de nombreuses personnes continuent de souffrir de la grave crise socio-économique que traverse le Venezuela, la Commission a alloué aujourd'hui une aide humanitaire supplémentaire de...

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