LIFE - Legal basis

The European Commission manages the LIFE programme through its services Directorate-General for Environment and Directorate-General for Climate Action, and its Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (EASME).

 

Objectives

The current LIFE programme was set up by regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on 20 December 2013. It has four objectives:

  1. Help move towards a resource-efficient, low carbon and climate resilient economy, improve the quality of the environment and halt and reverse biodiversity loss; 
  2. Improve the development, implementation and enforcement of EU environmental and climate policy and legislation, and act as a catalyst for, and promote, the mainstreaming of environmental and climate objectives into other policies and practices; 
  3. Support better environmental and climate governance at all levels, including better involvement of civil society, NGOs and local actors; 
  4. Support the implementation of the 7th environmental action plan.

The LIFE multiannual work programme for 2018-2020 details the current funding priorities. It clarifies budgets by specifying what kind of projects can receive support within the sub-programmes for environment and climate action. In total, €1 243.81 million are earmarked for work on nature conservation and environmental protection, and a further €413.25 million for climate action.

Budget

The multiannual work programme for 2018-20 increases LIFE’s budget for nature conservation and biodiversity by 10% compared to the previous work programme. In parallel, the total number of project topics in the environment sub-programme has come down from 87 to 42.

Another marked change from previous years is the introduction of a two-stage application procedure for traditional projects under the environment sub-programme: Candidates present a lighter outline of their work at the first step of the application process. They receive feedback on this outline and, if successful, they submit the full version of their proposal.

Documents

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