Regional and bilateral relations aim to achieve a global environment with fair and transparent rules for telecommunication regulation and where ICT companies can compete on a level playing field.
The Commission seeks to promote a regulatory system that is close to and/or compatible with the EU legal framework, (act as first port of call for European ICT industry, promote cooperation between the EU and third countries in the area of research and innovation in ICT.
In order to maintain and further develop regional and bilateral relations, Policy Dialogues are regularly held with EU's strategic partners, like the United States, Japan and others.
Activities and policy development in this area typically aim to:
- strengthen the economic and industrial competitiveness of the EU ICT industry;
- establish globally a favourable environment for European business and research with an increased focus on reciprocity;
- improve market access conditions in the ICT sector in third countries;
- promote the use of international standards and interoperability of technologies;
- strengthen the EU's excellence and attractiveness in research and innovation;
- tackle global societal challenges;
- support the EU's external policies.
Activities are grouped according to the following geographical areas:
Activity implementation is usually carried out in close cooperation with various Commission services.
Digital for development
As part of its support to the Sustainable Development Goals, the Commission is mainstreaming the use of digital technologies and services to broaden the reach of the EU’s Development Policy. The Digital4Development approach promotes digital solutions as part of the fight against poverty and inequality. The initial focus is on Africa, where actions such as mobile payments have been shown to have the biggest impact.
On 28th November 2016, the Council adopted conclusions on this issue as follows: "Digitalisation needs to be properly mainstreamed across all policy areas, including in the EU's development and foreign policies, while addressing cyber challenges and assuring the promotion and protection of human rights, with particular attention to freedom of expression online."
On 4th May 2017, the Commission published the first Staff Working Document on Digital 4 Development, establishing 4 priorities for intervention:
- Access to affordable digital infrastructure
- Digital skills & literacy
- Digital entrepreneurship; and
- Digital as an enabler for achieving the sustainable development goals.
International Cooperation in ICT Research and Innovation
The European Commission manages a number of cooperation projects with third countries in Research and Innovation with financing from Horizon 2020.
- The aim of the PICASSO project is to reinforce EU-US collaboration in ICT research and innovation focusing on the pre-competitive research in key enabling technologies related to societal challenges - 5G Networks, Big Data, Internet of Things and Cyber Physical Systems. It also supports the EU-US ICT policy dialogue by contributions related to e.g. privacy, security, internet governance, interoperability and ethics. PICASSO is oriented to industrial needs, provides a forum for ICT communities and involves 24 EU and US prominent specialists in the three technology-oriented ICT Expert Groups and an ICT Policy Expert Group, working closely together to identify policy gaps in the technology domains and to take measures to stimulate the policy dialogue in these areas. A synergy between experts in ICT policies and in ICT technologies is a unique feature of PICASSO. An analysis of the industrial drivers, societal needs, and priorities for EU-US ICT collaboration will be done, and policy gaps will be highlighted.
- DISCOVERY aims at supporting dialogues between Europe and North America and fostering cooperation in collaborative ICT Research & Innovation, both under Horizon 2020 and under US and Canada funding programmes. At the core of the DISCOVERY action is the Transatlantic ICT Forum that will be established as a sustainable mechanism to support policy debate and to provide opinions and recommendations furthering meaningful dialogues for purpose-driven and mutually beneficial cooperation between Europe and North America in the field of ICT.
- The main objective of the Idealist2018 project is to reinforce the network of National Contact Points (NCP) for LEIT ICT under Horizon2020, by promoting further trans-national cooperation within this network. This cooperation will also include collaboration and networking with similar networks in parallel themes (Security, ENV, Transport, Energy, Health, etc.) especially in the context of joint/coordinated or PPP calls. Special focus is put on helping less experienced NCPs from Member States (MS) and Associated Countries (AC) to access the know-how accumulated in other countries and to apply it in a locally relevant and efficient manner.
- The EPIC project aims to improve cooperation in the area of information and communication technologies between Europe and three partner countries in the Asia-Pacific (Australia, New Zealand and Singapore). EPIC will foster cooperation in ICT research, technology development and innovation related topics at the policy and the researcher level. The initiative builds on cooperation policy dialogues, the analysis of research capabilities, and on recommendations from previous projects involving these countries. The objectives of the project are to:
Identify, update and detail 3rd country programs, common R&D priorities and future cooperation opportunities
Organizing and supporting events that are synchronized with dialogue meetings and contribute to increase their focus and visibility
Reinforce industrial cooperation on ICT research and development through improved networking activities
- The IST-Africa project has 4 complimentary objectives focused on strengthening ICT-related research and innovation cooperation between Europe and Africa:
- Foster greater coordination of research and innovation activities;
- Strengthen research and innovation linkages, increase awareness of research and innovation capacity and cooperation opportunities, and support mutually beneficial collaboration;
- Monitor research and innovation activities in 17 IST-Africa Partner Countries to identify and provide input on common R&D priorities and future cooperation opportunities; and
- Promote participation in relevant Horizon 2020 calls.