The importance of transparency, freedom and diversity in Europe's media landscape. The European Commission commits to respect freedom and pluralism of media. In this page you can find several acts, documents and studies on the subject.

Freedom of expression is one of the essential foundations of the European Union. But freedom of expression can only be exercised in a free and pluralistic media environment, including through independent media governance.

The European Union's commitment to respect freedom and pluralism of the media, as well as the right to information and freedom of expression is enshrined in Article 11 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, similar to the provision of Article 10 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

Defending Media Freedom and Pluralism

  • Addressing violations of media freedom and pluralism: The European Commission is co-funding projects run by the European Centre for Press and Media Freedom and partners with the object to address violations of media freedom and pluralism in the EU and Candidate Countries. 
  • Independent monitoring of media pluralism: The European Commission awarded grants for the Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom (CMPF) to further develop and implement of the “Media pluralism Monitor” (MPM). 
    The 2017 exercise covers all 28 Member States, as well as two candidate countries.
    Details and results are available on the Media Pluralism Monitor page.

Council Conclusions on Media Freedom and Pluralism

On 26 November 2013, the Council of the European Union and the representatives of the Governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council, adopted conclusions on media freedom and pluralism in the digital environment. 

Colloquium on Fundamental Rights will focus on Media Pluralism and Democracy

In November 2016, the European Commission organised a Colloquium on Fundamental Rights focusing on Media Pluralism and Democracy.  The debate was informed by discussion notes, a special Eurobarometer, as well as the results of a public consultation in which a number of colloquium participants had taken part.  The outcomes of the Colloquium were published in December 2016.

Documents and Studies

Published: 
17 February 2014
Last update: 
17 August 2017
Team responsible