Digital Single Market
Digital Economy & Society

Commission seeks views on Europe's audiovisual media rules

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The European Commission seeks the views of all interested parties on how to make Europe's audiovisual media landscape fit for purpose in the digital age.

The European Commission seeks the views of all interested parties on how to make Europe's audiovisual media landscape fit for purpose in the digital age.

In a public consultation launched today, the Commission will get feedback on the current framework regulating Europe's audiovisual media landscape (the so-called Audiovisual Media Services Directive - AVMSD), on issues like

  • how well do you think the current audiovisual framework works? Should we improve it and how?
  • what roles and responsibilities should market players (like TV broadcasters, on-demand service providers, internet services, telecom operators, etc.) have?
  • how can we best protect viewers (particularly children), promote European works and access to information, regulate advertising in the audiovisual online world?

This consultation seeks concrete experience and feedback from stakeholders (market players, public organisations, consumer organisations) but also from viewers themselves, as users of audiovisual media services like TV channels and online services like Netflix, iTunes, YouTube, DailyMotion, HBO GO etc. The consultation, open until 30 September, is part of the Digital Single Market strategy, which foresees a review of this Directive in 2016.

This consultation is part of the assessment of the AVMSD under the new Regulatory Fitness (REFIT) strengthened evaluation process, under the recently adopted Commission's Better Regulation Framework. It will assess factors including the added value of EU intervention in this domain and how effective the existing framework has been so far.

This is the first time respondents are offered a wider variety of options while giving their feedback to the consultation. Besides answering the consultation questions, they can now send their own ideas on how to improve legislation, provide their personal experience on how the AVMSD works, even create polls to ask other people's views on their suggestion. Discover these options on our dedicated online platform.

Regulation in this field has a direct impact on citizens and businesses: we watch audiovisual content to get information or for entertainment every day; through this content we are exposed and interact with Europe's creative minds and rich cultural diversity which convey sets of values but may also pose challenges to consumer rights. This is a vital sector of the EU economy with huge growth potential (relevant data in the Background).

The public consultation will seek views on the impact of the current Directive and on policy options for its future in, amongst others, the following areas:

  • The scope of application of the Directive: The AVSMD applies to television broadcasters and on-demand services like Netflix, but not to Internet services hosting user-generated content (like YouTube, Vimeo etc). Is the current system working or should new services be further regulated, either by the Directive or via self/co-regulation?  
     
  • The system of "graduated regulation". A basic set of rules (e.g.it is prohibited to incite to hatred and services should be made gradually accessible to people with disabilities) apply to all services. In specific fields rules are more stringent for broadcast services than for on-demand services. Should this system stay as it is, in particular for: advertising, programmes that may be harmful to children and the promotion of European works?
     
  • The AVMSD allows companies to provide their services in the EU by complying only with the rules of the country under whose jurisdiction they fall. Derogations are allowed in certain cases and following certain procedures. Should the functioning of this approach be improved?

The Directive has fostered unhindered cross-border transmission of audiovisual media services within Europe. At the end of 2013, about 23% of TV channels established in the EU targeted foreign markets (either EU or extra EU). However, much has changed since the Directive was adopted in 2007. Media convergence (the progressive merging of traditional broadcast services and the Internet) is now a reality. The traditional TV set is now only one of the means to watch audiovisual content as Connected TV, set-top boxes, but also PCs, laptops, tablets and smartphones are increasingly used. Globally, consumer internet video traffic will be 80 percent of all consumer Internet traffic in 2019. Internet advertising is also progressively outpacing TV. Video viewing is one of the earliest internet activities carried out by young children.

Background

The public consultation will be available in all 24 official languages of the EU.

The importance and growth potential for audiovisual media services is huge:

  • By 2019, all forms of video (TV, video on demand [VoD], Internet, and P2P) will be in the range of 80 to 90 percent of global consumer traffic by 2019. (Cisco VNI)
     
  • Globally, Internet video to TV doubled in 2014. Internet video to TV will continue to grow at a rapid pace, increasing fourfold by 2019. Internet video to TV traffic will be 17 percent of consumer Internet video traffic by 2019, up from 16 percent in 2014. (Cisco VNI)
     
  • Globally, consumer VoD traffic will double by 2019. HD will be 70 percent of IP VOD traffic in 2019, up from 59 percent in 2014. (Cisco VNI)
     
  • Video viewing is one of the earliest internet activities carried out by young children. For example, YouTube is the second favourite site for children under 5 in the UK (Childwise, 2012).
     
  • When growth rates are compared, the Internet is outpacing TV as a medium for advertising in Europe over the time period 2008-2013 and quickly catching up. The total online ad spend for the 21 EU countries comprised in the IAB Adex Benchmark 2013 report is 23.7 billion EUR, an increase by 10.7% year-to-year.
     
  • Online video advertising had a market value of 1.03 billion EUR in 2013 for the 17 EU countries where data can be found, an increase by 45,1% compared to 2012's 714 million EUR.

This is not the first time the Commission is consulting on these issues. In 2013, the Commission published a Green Paper "Preparing for a Fully Converged Audiovisual World: Growth, Creation and Values" inviting stakeholders to share their views on the changing media landscape and its implications for the AVMSD.

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