Original article from net-cloud magazine (January 2014)
While private sector research tends to capitalise on immediate gains in terms of satisfying customer demand, EUfunded projects focus more on the challenges of particular importance over the longer term. This focus will give Europe a competitive advantage, and will help shape the cloud ecosystem.
Funding has already been earmarked for cloud research under the new EU research programme Horizon 2020 running from 2014 until 2020. For cloud and software related projects, the Commission will call for research proposals addressing specific themes identified by expert groups and a stakeholder consultation as the most pressing challenges, or providing the greatest opportunities.
In 2014/2015, some €120 million will be available for research on advanced cloud computing infrastructure and services as well as on tools and methods for software development. Supplementary investment of €5 million during this period will help to intensify cooperation with Brazil and Japan on cloud computing topics.
Stakeholders set priorities
The Research Expert Group on Cloud Computing for Europe produced three reports between 2010 and 2012 identifying the major gaps and challenges for future research and development in advanced cloud technologies.
The outcome of the 2012 reports provided a foundation for the research topics for Horizon 2020.
Working on this basis, the unit “Software & Services, Cloud” within the Directorate Net Futures of DG Communications Networks, Content and Technology launched a fully-fledged public consultation on the research and innovation challenges in the domain of cloud computing, software and services. There was a large response to this consultation which allowed us to identify the key research and innovation to be addressed within the Horizon 2020 work programme for 2014/2015:
Topic ICT 7 – 2014: Advanced Cloud Infrastructures and Services
Topic ICT 9 -2014: Tools and Methods for Software Development
Clouds on the horizon
Horizon 2020 is structured around three pillars focusing on excellent science, societal challenges and industrial leadership. Within the industrial leadership pillar of Horizon 2020, over €13 500 million will be channelled into ‘leadership in enabling and industrial technologies’ (LEITs). A significant proportion of this will support ICT projects, including those focusing on cloud computing.
Research carried under the LEIT heading will have the potential to underpin innovation across many industries and sectors, where it is possible for Europe to either build or maintain a technological lead over the rest of the world. It is obvious why the cloud fits in well here – the cloud has the potential to revolutionise the way software is delivered and data is managed, create huge savings for both companies and the private sector, increase efficiency and even reduce the environmental impact of computing.
Research Expert Group on Cloud Computing reports:
(Article from net-cloud future magazine (2013) - for complete magazine click here)
- Research and innovation actions on high performance heterogeneous cloud infrastructures, federated cloud networking, dynamic configuration, automated provisioning and orchestration of cloud resources, automated discovery and composition of services, cloud security;
- Innovation actions on platforms for trusted cloud systems.
- Covering software tools and methods for large, complex and data-intensive systems as well as software architectures and tools for highly distributed applications.
- Report 1 (January 2010) http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom//document.cfm?doc_id=1175
- Report 2 (May 2012) http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom//document.cfm?doc_id=1174
- Report 3 (December 2012) http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=2165
- Almost €79 billion in current prices, €70.2 billion in 2011 constant prices. See http://ec.europa.eu/research/horizon2020/pdf/press/fact_sheet_on_horizon2020_budget.pdf