On the EU level, radio spectrum policy has three main goals, which are to harmonise spectrum access conditions to enable interoperability and economies of scale for wireless equipment, to work towards a more efficient use of spectrum, and to improve the availability of information about the current use, future plans for use and availability of spectrum. In short, spectrum policy is one instrument which works towards the creation of the Digital Single Market.
On 14 September 2016 in the context of the EU Electronic Communications Code, the Commission proposed updated rules for radio spectrum management which aim at creating a stable regulatory environment, improving coordination of spectrum and reducing divergences between regulatory practices across the EU to boost the single market.
The Code proposes:
- long licence durations, coupled with more stringent requirements to use spectrum effectively and efficiently
- greater powers for national competent authorities
- to coordinate basic parameters such as the timing of assignments to ensure timely release of spectrum to the EU market, and more converged spectrum policies and assignment conditions across the EU.
The new measures also seek to support a more flexible access and use of spectrum by promoting greater use of general authorisations and spectrum shared use with a view to enable the development of new innovative applications and services.
What is Radio Spectrum Policy?
Radio spectrum relates to radio frequencies used for wireless communication over the airwaves and thus is a key raw material for wireless communications. It is not only the basis for communication services such as wireless broadband; it also enables current and future services in a diverse range of application areas like:
- terrestrial broadcasting including news gathering and theatrical production (e.g. wireless microphones and cameras);
- intelligent transport systems leading eventually to connected and autonomous vehicles;
- communication networks for law enforcement and emergency services;
- the Internet of Things including Machine-to-Machine communications (e.g. smart grids, smart farming, smart cities, industry 4.0);
- short-range devices ranging from simple garage door openers via alarm systems, or hearing aids to active medical implants for smart health systems and even further application areas.
Since radio spectrum is a finite resource, governments regulate and manage its use, which is referred to as spectrum policy. The task of regulating spectrum has become more and more complex over recent years, due to the proliferation of wireless technologies and their corresponding requirements.
As more and more people want to take advantage of devices that demand spectrum, we need better coordination of spectrum rules, and smarter technologies. For example, new technologies benefit from the internal market for wireless services based on harmonised EU rules; while more flexible usage conditions help markets to develop and support innovation. Since 2002, the EU's Radio Spectrum Policy has ensured the availability and efficient use of spectrum.
Get involved and contribute
The European Commission and national spectrum regulators work closely together to develop common rules. But radio spectrum policy also has an impact on many stakeholders. Find out how you can contribute and learn more about the current activities in the Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG) and the Radio Spectrum Committee (RSC) .
The Radio Spectrum Policy archive contains documents such as relevant EU legislation, Commission Decisions, studies, etc; as well as access to committee working documents.