The .eu top-level domain gives Europe its own Internet identity. It aims to boost the visibility of the European Union on the Internet, increase users’ choice of domain names and promote the development of electronic commerce.

Users can create a pan-European Internet identity of their websites and e-mail addresses through the .eu Top Level Domain (TLD). This option is available to all companies and organisations established in the European Union and to every resident citizen.

  • For citizens: the .eu TLD is a place in cyberspace where their rights as consumers and individuals are governed by European rules and standards.
  • For companies: a .eu website enhances their Internet visibility within the EU single market and globally, as well as advertising their pan-European status. This contributes to increase e-commerce presence, one of the goals of the Digital Single Market Strategy.

The European Commission initiative led to the adoption of a Regulation establishing the .eu TLD in 2002 (Regulation 733/2002). This was followed by another set of rules laying down its implementation criteria. In April 2006, after the appointment of the registry operator, the first .eu doamin name registrations began to take place.

On May 2017, the European Commission launched a public consultation to collect input on whether the .eu legal framework still serves its purpose. This was part of the Regulatory Fitness and Performance Programme (REFIT) review process, aimed at assessing whether any legislative and/or non-legislative initiative is needed.  The European Commission is currently finalising its Impact Assessment (IA) and the inception Impact assesmment is already available.

Public consultation

The Public consultation on the evaluation and revision of the .eu top-level domain regulations ran from 12 May 2017 to 4 August 2017. Forty-four contributions were received before its closing date.

  • Twenty-five responses came from citizens/private individuals residing in 12 EU Members States. Most of them were between 25 and 65 years old (19 out of 25).
  • Fifteen responses came from business representatives, one from an industry association and one from public sector. The companies/organisations that participated are active in 9 Member States.

The results of the public consultation are available on-line.

EURid - the registry of the .eu TLD

EURid is a private, independent, non-profit organisation that has operated the .eu TLD under contract of the European Commission since 2003, following an open call.

EURid operates the .eu TLD independently from the European Commission, but under the rules and procedures contained in two main EC Regulations, on the implementation of the domain in 2002 and the principles governing registration in 2004 with specific requirements for the Registry.

Published: 
7 April 2016
Last update: 
21 November 2017
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