Harmonisation of spectrum baseline for audio and video PMSE
At EU level, there are 2 legislations regarding the harmonisation:
- Commission Implementing Decision 2014/641/EU for audio PMSE harmonises a baseline of 59 MHz of spectrum to meet recurring ordinary needs,
- Commission Implementing Decision 2016/339/EU harmonises the frequency band 2010 2025 MHz for video PMSE (baseline of 15 MHz of spectrum).
Spectrum used by PMSE equipment has historically been managed by Member States on a case-by-case basis by making frequencies available.
Manufacturers and users of audio and video PMSE equipment request a long-term regulatory certainty and visibility on spectrum access. The spectrum requirements of wireless audio PMSE equipment users vary greatly across different times and locations, depending on the number and types of events or programmes scheduled.
The Radio Spectrum Policy Group (RSPG) was tasked in June 2016 to elaborate an opinion on a long-term strategy on spectrum requirements facing the future needs, and use of wireless audio and video PMSE applications. The Opinion was adopted in November 2017.
What is "Programme Making and Special Events"?
Programme Making and Special Events (PMSE) are meant for Services Ancillary to Programme making (SAP)/Services Ancillary to Broadcasting (SAB), Electronic News Gathering (ENG)/Outside Broadcasting (OB) and applications used in meetings, conferences, cultural and education activities, trade fairs, local entertainment, sport, religious and other public or private events.
There are three main groups of PMSE equipment:
- audio PMSE - the most commonly used audio PMSE applications are wireless microphones (handheld and body worn) and in-ear monitors;
- video PMSE;
- PMSE service links (PMSE equipment that is used for transmission for production such as effect and remote control and team connection).
PMSE is an enabler for the creation of audio and video content which is broadcast and consumed globally using a variety of platforms. PMSE content capture sits at the start of the supply and value chains for a wide range of products, such as recordings of live performances or the archiving of culturally significant material. Consequently, content capture is expected to provide the highest quality possible, with producers and programme makers taking steps to ensure the quality and robustness of content capture and delivery.
For these reasons quality and reliability of the radio link are fundamental to PMSE users. For high-end (live) PMSE productions especially, the commercial pressures on users are significant as there is no opportunity for recovery, and so the tolerance for disturbance to the quality of service is extremely low.
- Commission Implementing Decision 2014/641/EU on harmonised technical conditions of spectrum use by programme making and special events (PMSE) equipment.
- Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/339 on the harmonisation of the 2010-2025 MHz frequency band for portable or mobile wireless video links and cordless cameras used for programme making and special events.
- RSPG Opinion on a long-term strategy on spectrum requirements facing the future needs and use of wireless audio and video PMSE applications. You can read other Opinions from the group.