The European Union's commitment to respect the freedom and pluralism of the media as well as the right to freedom of expression - which includes the right to receive and impart information without interference by public authority - are enshrined in Article 11 of the EU's Charter of Fundamental Rights. The latter mirrors Article 10 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
Defending Media Freedom and Pluralism
- Addressing violations of media freedom and pluralism: The European Commission co-funds projects run by the European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF) and its partners geared at addressing violations of media freedom and pluralism in the EU Member States and Candidate Countries.
- Independent monitoring of media pluralism: The European Commission awarded grants to the Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom(CMPF) for the development and implementation of the “Media Pluralism Monitor” (MPM).
The 2017 exercise covererd all 28 Member States, as well as three candidate countries.
Details and results are available on the Media Pluralism Monitor page.
Council Conclusions on Media Freedom and Pluralism
On 14 November 2018, the Council of the European Union adopted Conclusions on the strengthening of European content in the digital economy.
Previously, on 26 November 2013, the Council had adopted Conclusions on media freedom and pluralism in the digital environment.
Colloquium on Fundamental Rights dedicated to Media Pluralism and Democracy
In November 2016, the European Commission organised a Colloquium on Fundamental Rights dedicated to Media Pluralism and Democracy. The debate was informed by discussion notes, a special Eurobarometer, as well as the results of a public consultation. The outcomes of the Colloquium were published in December 2016.
Documents and Studies
- European Commission Guidelines for EU support to media freedom and media integrity in enlargement countries, 2014-2020.
- EU Human Rights Guidelines on Freedom of Expression Online and Offline, adopted by the Foreign Affairs Council meeting of 12 May 2014.
- Two public consultations on the independence of the audiovisual regulatory bodies (report)and on the Independent Report from the High Level Group on Media Freedom and Pluralism (report) were conducted in 2013.
- The Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom, initiated within the European University Institute of Florence, published a policy report on "European Union competencies in respect of media pluralism and media freedom" in February 2013
- In 2009, an independent study on indicators for media pluralism in the EU Member States was published.
- In 2007, the European Commission services published a working paper outlining efforts to promote pluralism by third parties and organisations, notably the Council of Europe. This contains a concise first survey of Member States' audiovisual and print media markets - Staff Working Paper on Media Pluralism.