• European Broadband Awards
    The European Broadband Awards is an annual event where the European Commission recognizes outstanding broadband deployment projects in Europe. It highlights the successful establishment of broadband infrastructures through these awards.
  • Broadband Competence Offices Network
    The European Broadband Competence Offices Network and Support Facility is a European Commission project supporting broadband deployment throughout the EU and the achievement of the 2020 Digital Single Market goals.
  • State aid
    Some forms of support by public authorities are referred to as state-aid. In the broadband market, where investment should generally come from private operators, state aid by national, regional, and local authorities is in principle prohibited. However, particularly in areas where the market does not provide the necessary infrastructure investment, state aid can be permissible if certain conditions are met.
  • Financing of public-private joint ventures and private-run deployments
    In cooperations between private actors owing existing infrastructure and public authorities implementing a public- or private-run network, the investment efforts are partly supported by the private actor concerning the deployment and operation of the passive infrastructure. This attracts other private investors as it provides greater stability to the equity base and improves the credit rating of the project company or joint venture.
  • Main financing tools
    The main financing tools for high-speed broadband development projects are revenue-based financing, private capital and financial markets, government-backed bank loan and bonds, public funds and bottom-up community financing.
  • Investment models
    Investment models present interesting involvement opportunities for a public authority that engages in regional broadband development. The choice of a model is a political decision based on the cultural and socio-economic situation, the ambition level of the public authority and the medium and long-term regional development goals.
  • Basic business models
    The establishment of different business models depends on the roles of the market actors in the broadband value chain. The following details describe the basic types of business models and point out questions to be considered when deciding over an appropriate business model.
  • Actors in the broadband value chain
    The basic roles of Physical Infrastructure Provider (PIP), Network Provider (NP) and Service Provider (SP) can be taken by different actors.
  • Infrastructure and service-based competition
    A broad range of infrastructure types which differ in their technical capacities are capable of transmitting high-speed Internet to households.
  • Network and topology
    A broadband network consists of geographical parts. The topology of a network describes how the different parts of a network are connected. The most relevant topologies for the backbone and area networks are tree topologies, ring topologies and meshed topologies. For the first mile, two main basic topologies: point-to-multipoint (p2mp) and point-to-point (p2p).

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