In May 2017, the Commission announced in its mid-term review of the Digital Single Market Strategy it would deliver concrete actions on unfair contracts and trading practices in platform-to-business relations before the end of the year.

In the Communication on online platforms of 25 May 2016, the Commission carried out a targeted fact-finding exercise on business-to-business (B2B) practices in the online platforms sphere. Certain business users of online platforms (such as app developers that use app stores, or e-commerce retailers that use online market places) may namely experience unfair treatment by platforms, which could have potential negative effects on innovation or the wider European economy.

Then in May 2017, the Commission announced in its mid-term review of the Digital Single Market Strategy that it would deliver concrete actions on unfair contracts and trading practices in platform-to-business relations still in 2017.

The fact-finding exercise covered:

Published: 
29 September 2016
Last update: 
25 September 2017
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