A particular emphasis is put on the collaborations between universities and private organizations. Furthermore, the report analyses whether universities and private organizations face different needs and bottlenecks to bring their innovations to the market.
This publication is a Science for Policy report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s science and knowledge service. It aims to provide evidence-based scientific support to the European policymaking process. The scientific output expressed does not imply a policy position of the European Commission.