Collaboration is a key conduit for innovation-related knowledge flows both for firms that use R&D and for those that are not R&D-active. The main idea behind is that innovation often results from the interaction and cooperative efforts of different organisation devoted to the achievement of a common goal. This study builds on the first IR report, it extends the number of reviewed projects, it looks at the relationship between the type of innovators and the potential of their innovations

A particular emphasis is put on the collaborations between universities and private organizations. Furthermore, the report analyses whether universities and private organizations face different needs and bottlenecks to bring their innovations to the market.

This publication is a Science for Policy report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s science and knowledge service. It aims to provide evidence-based scientific support to the European policymaking process. The scientific output expressed does not imply a policy position of the European Commission.

Full study