The first objective of the study is to analyse the requirements of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive as regards the independent regulators. The second objective is to gather information on the regulation of the following aspects of regulatory authorities in the Member States: measures to guarantee the independence of the regulator; basic powers which allow for the effective application and enforcement of audiovisual legislation; adequate monitoring powers including the adequate resources to carry out the monitoring functions; adequate sanctioning powers including the ability to issue warnings, impose fines and, ultimately, the power to prohibit broadcasting/revoke broadcasting licences.