Competition is a crucial driver of European investment and innovation. For the electronic communications industries, investing in new technologies, infrastructures and services is vital to cut costs and seize opportunities created by the convergence of digital networks, devices and content. European investment in this sector in recent years has been as high as, if not higher than, those made in the US and Asia. In 2005 aggregate investment – measured in terms of capital expenditure – rose to more than € 45 billion, an increase of 6% over 2004.