The Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom (CMPF) will present and discuss the results of the Media Pluralism Monitor (MPM2017).
The Conference will also discuss more recent digital-related challenges in an effort to define potential indicators to be measured going forward using the same risk-based analysis applied by the current Media Pluralism Monitor.
The Media Pluralism Monitor (MPM) is a holistic tool which assesses the risks to media pluralism in a given country. It is based on a set of twenty indicators covering a broad notion of media pluralism that encompasses political, cultural, geographical, structural and content-related dimensions. The risks for media pluralism are measured in four different areas: Basic Protection, Market Plurality, Political Independence and Social Inclusiveness. The indicators cover legal, economic and socio-political issues.
In 2017, the CMPF carried out an EU-wide implementation of the Media Pluralism Monitor (MPM2017), extending it also to three candidate countries (the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYRoM), Serbia and Turkey).
The results of the MPM2017 monitoring exercise generally confirm the highlights of the previous rounds of the MPM’s implementation: no country is free from risks to media pluralism. On average, the latest findings show either stagnation or deterioration in all of the four major areas covered by the MPM, and a worrying increase in the level of risk for the area of Basic protection.
In addition to the “traditional” sources of risks to media pluralism, the contemporary digital environment poses new challenges. The growing dominance of a few digital intermediaries and social platforms strongly affects the news business, news distribution and audience habits. Algorithms, artificial intelligence and automation are having an impact on many aspects of information production and distribution. These developments have opened up several opportunities, but have also led to threats such as the spread of online disinformation and hate speech, (mis-)use of personal data for targeted information, political advertising, non-transparent content moderation, and net neutrality violations, among others.
The Media Pluralism Monitor (MPM) is designed to identify potential risks to media pluralism in EU Member States. It is an independent project, co-funded by the European Commission, and managed by the Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom (CMPF), based at the EUI in Florence.