Researchers into climate change will be able to access simulations spanning the last millennium and into the future through a major new Earth Modelling initiative. The Millennium Simulations, a project carried out by the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, is using the high speed, pan-European GÉANT2 network to connect remote research sites to its central system and process and share results between project participants and the wider research community.

The Millennium Simulations apply a comprehensive Earth System Model to reproduce the climate evolution from 800 AD to present and to provide projections of future climate development using prescribed scenarios of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. The simulations of the past climate use newly assembled reconstructions of natural forcing factors (including volcanic eruptions, changes in the Earth’s orbit and variation of solar irradiance). In addition, human activities, such as land-use-change and greenhouse gas emissions, are included.

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